If you use your car for work purposes, you are entitled to claim the costs of using your car to do your job. There are two methods you can use to claim car expenses. It is important to note that you must own the car to claim under either of the methods. If your car is owned by your employer or is part of your salary package, then you are unable to claim anything.
Method 1: Cents per kilometre
- Your claim is based on a set rate for each business kilometre you travel. Under this method you are eligible to claim up to a maximum of 5,000 kilometres per year, per vehicle. If you travel in excess of 5,000 kilometres this method of claim may not be right for you unless you are happy to cap your claim at 5,000 kilometres (which some people who haven’t kept a log book – see below – have to do).
- The claim value is calculated by multiplying the total business kilometres travelled (limited to 5,000 per vehicle) by the standard rate of 68 cents per kilometre (this figure has recently increased; it was 66 cents per kilometre until 30 June 2018). This figure takes into account all the vehicle running expenses (including depreciation).
- You do not need written evidence, however you need to be able to demonstrate that you have covered the kilometres claimed. A diary of work-related journeys (including the kilometres travelled) will suffice.
Method 2: Logbook
- Your claim is based on the business use percentage of each car expense. This is determined by a log book that must have been kept for a minimum 12 week period, and must be updated every 5 years. Through your logbook you can claim all expenses that relate to the operation of the car, at your percentage of business use.
- The logbook must record all business journeys made in the car over the 12 week period that it records, detailing;
- when the log book period begins and ends
- the car’s odometer readings at the start and end of the period
- the total kilometres travelled
- the business percentage for the logbook period
- For each journey in the logbook, you must record:
- start and finishing times of the journey
- odometer readings at the start and end of the journey
- kilometres travelled
- reasons for the journey
- if you make two or more journeys in a row on the same day, you can record them as a single journey.
- You will need to keep all receipts throughout the year to justify your claim, such as insurance, servicing and repairs. Petrol can be estimated using the start and end odometer readings for the year, indicating the total kilometres travelled.
- Depreciation is calculated as 25% of the written down value of the car.
- You can obtain a free logbook from your local H&R Block office. There are also a number of logbook apps available which will record your journeys using your phone GPS system.
Important note: if your car is provided by your employer, or is part of your salary package, you cannot claim any of the costs.
What car expenses you can claim
You can claim the cost of work-related car expenses if they are incurred whilst performing your job as an employee, such as:
- Carrying tools or equipment required to complete your job
- Travelling from your home to an alternative workspace (such as a client/supplier’s office), and then back to your own workplace or home at the end of the day
- Travelling between two separate workplaces where you are employed
- Travelling to conferences, meetings or other events as required by your employer
- Delivering or picking up items/packages related to your job, and as required by your employer
What car expenses you cannot claim
You cannot claim the cost of normal trips between home and work. That travel is considered ‘private’, even if:
- You complete minor tasks on the way to work, such as picking up the mail
- You travel back to work for a security call out
- You work overtime and no public transport is available to use to get you home
Can I claim car expenses for other types of travel?
You can claim the cost of using your car to drive to see your tax agent for tax advice or to get your tax returns done.
You may have to apportion the costs if your journey has a dual purpose and the other purpose is considered ‘private’ in nature. It is important to note that the 5,000 kilometre per vehicle limit relates to all tax-deductible car use.
Mark Chapman is the Director of Tax Communications at H&R Block.