Australia markets close in 4 hours 43 minutes
  • ALL ORDS

    6,158.40
    -103.40 (-1.65%)
     
  • ASX 200

    5,958.30
    -99.40 (-1.64%)
     
  • AUD/USD

    0.7060
    +0.0011 (+0.16%)
     
  • OIL

    37.61
    +0.22 (+0.59%)
     
  • GOLD

    1,880.10
    +0.90 (+0.05%)
     
  • BTC-AUD

    18,836.46
    +44.07 (+0.23%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    262.72
    -9.97 (-3.66%)
     
  • AUD/EUR

    0.6006
    +0.0009 (+0.15%)
     
  • AUD/NZD

    1.0614
    +0.0005 (+0.05%)
     
  • NZX 50

    12,129.88
    -134.64 (-1.10%)
     
  • NASDAQ

    11,142.76
    -456.19 (-3.93%)
     
  • FTSE

    5,582.80
    -146.19 (-2.55%)
     
  • Dow Jones

    26,519.95
    -943.25 (-3.43%)
     
  • DAX

    11,560.51
    -503.06 (-4.17%)
     
  • Hang Seng

    24,708.80
    -78.39 (-0.32%)
     
  • NIKKEI 225

    23,418.51
    0.00 (0.00%)
     

Estimating The Fair Value Of Danaher Corporation (NYSE:DHR)

Simply Wall St
·6-min read

In this article we are going to estimate the intrinsic value of Danaher Corporation (NYSE:DHR) by taking the forecast future cash flows of the company and discounting them back to today's value. This will be done using the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Don't get put off by the jargon, the math behind it is actually quite straightforward.

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

View our latest analysis for Danaher

What's the estimated valuation?

We are going to use a two-stage DCF model, which, as the name states, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is generally a higher growth period which levels off heading towards the terminal value, captured in the second 'steady growth' period. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

2029

2030

Levered FCF ($, Millions)

US$4.79b

US$5.51b

US$6.02b

US$7.16b

US$7.86b

US$8.45b

US$8.95b

US$9.38b

US$9.76b

US$10.1b

Growth Rate Estimate Source

Analyst x9

Analyst x8

Analyst x3

Analyst x1

Est @ 9.75%

Est @ 7.49%

Est @ 5.91%

Est @ 4.8%

Est @ 4.03%

Est @ 3.49%

Present Value ($, Millions) Discounted @ 8.0%

US$4.4k

US$4.7k

US$4.8k

US$5.3k

US$5.3k

US$5.3k

US$5.2k

US$5.1k

US$4.9k

US$4.7k

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = US$50b

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 2.2%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 8.0%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2030 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = US$10b× (1 + 2.2%) ÷ (8.0%– 2.2%) = US$178b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= US$178b÷ ( 1 + 8.0%)10= US$82b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is US$132b. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of US$207, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

dcf
dcf

The assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Danaher as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 8.0%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.964. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Next Steps:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For Danaher, there are three relevant elements you should assess:

  1. Risks: For example, we've discovered 2 warning signs for Danaher (1 doesn't sit too well with us!) that you should be aware of before investing here.

  2. Management:Have insiders been ramping up their shares to take advantage of the market's sentiment for DHR's future outlook? Check out our management and board analysis with insights on CEO compensation and governance factors.

  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the NYSE every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team@simplywallst.com.