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Twitter Announces Second Quarter 2021 Results

·23-min read

Reports Total Revenue of $1.19 Billion and 11% Year-over-Year Growth in Monetizable Daily Active Usage (mDAU)

SAN FRANCISCO, July 22, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- Twitter, Inc. (NYSE: TWTR) today announced financial results for its second quarter 2021.

"As we enter the second half of 2021, we are shipping more, learning faster, and hiring remarkable talent," said Jack Dorsey, Twitter's CEO. "For example, our increased shipping cadence contributed to reaching 206 million average monetizable DAU (mDAU) in Q2, up 11% year over year and 3% quarter over quarter. There's a tremendous opportunity to get the whole world to use Twitter."

"We delivered better-than-expected performance across all major products and geographies while growing our audience," said Ned Segal, Twitter's CFO. "We continued to make significant progress on our direct response and brand products with updated ad formats, improved measurement, and better prediction. We are driving more value for advertisers with our strong push into performance-based advertising and expanded offerings for small and medium-sized businesses."

Second Quarter 2021 Operational and Financial Highlights

Except as otherwise stated, all financial results discussed below are presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America, or GAAP. As supplemental information, we have provided certain non-GAAP financial measures in this press release's supplemental tables, and such supplemental tables include a reconciliation of these non-GAAP measures to our GAAP results. The sum of individual metrics may not always equal total amounts indicated due to rounding.

  • Q2 revenue totaled $1.19 billion, an increase of 74% year over year.

  • Q2 costs and expenses totaled $1.16 billion, an increase of 21% year over year. This resulted in operating income of $30 million and 3% operating margin, compared to an operating loss of $274 million, or -40% operating margin for the same period in 2020. The year ago period includes a non-recurring expense of $150 million related to an ongoing FTC matter.

  • Stock-based compensation (SBC) expense grew 34% year over year to $178 million and was approximately 15% of total revenue.

  • Q2 net income was $66 million, representing a net margin of 6% and diluted EPS of $0.08. This compares to a net loss of $1.38 billion, a net margin of -202%, and diluted EPS of ($1.75) in the same period of the previous year. Excluding the impact of the income tax expense due to the establishment of a valuation allowance driven primarily by COVID-19, Q2 2020 adjusted net loss was $277 million, representing an adjusted net margin of -40% and adjusted diluted EPS of ($0.35).

  • Net cash provided by operating activities in the quarter was $382 million, compared to $201 million in the same period last year. Capital expenditures totaled $276 million, compared to $162 million in the same period last year, driven by infrastructure investments in data center build-outs to support audience growth and product innovation.

  • Average monetizable daily active users (mDAU) were 206 million for Q2, compared to 186 million in the same period of the previous year and compared to 199 million in the previous quarter.

Outlook

Given our execution and confidence in our strategy as we enter the second half of the year, we're updating our outlook for expense growth and revenue. We now expect headcount, along with total costs and expenses, to grow 30% or more for the full year of 2021 with a focus on engineering and product. As you'd expect, incremental headcount investments in 2021 will flow into our annual expense base in 2022. We continue to expect total revenue to grow faster than expenses in 2021 — assuming the global pandemic continues to improve and that we continue to see modest impact from the rollout of changes associated with iOS 14.5. How much faster will depend on various factors, including our execution on our direct response roadmap and macroeconomic factors.

For Q3'21:

  • Total revenue is expected to be between $1.22 billion and $1.3 billion.

  • GAAP operating income is expected to be between a loss of $50 million and break even.

For FY21:

  • Stock-based compensation expense is expected to be approximately $600 million.

  • Capital expenditures are expected to be between $900 million and $950 million.

Note that our outlook for Q3 and the full year 2021 reflects foreign exchange rates as of July 2021.

For more information regarding the non-GAAP financial measures discussed in this press release, please see "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" and the reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP below.

Appendix

Second Quarter 2021 Webcast and Conference Call Details
Twitter will host a conference call today, Thursday, July 22, 2021, at 3pm Pacific Time (6pm Eastern Time) to discuss financial results for the second quarter of 2021. The company will be following the conversation about the earnings announcement on Twitter. To have your questions considered during the Q&A, Tweet your question to @TwitterIR using $TWTR. To listen to a live audio webcast, please visit the company's Investor Relations page at investor.twitterinc.com. Twitter has used, and intends to continue to use, its Investor Relations website and the Twitter accounts of @jack, @nedsegal, @Twitter, and @TwitterIR as means of disclosing material nonpublic information and for complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD.

Third Quarter Earnings Release Details
Twitter expects to release financial results for the third quarter of 2021 on October 26, 2021, after market close. Twitter will host a conference call on the same day to discuss these financial results at 3pm Pacific Time (6pm Eastern Time).

About Twitter, Inc. (NYSE: TWTR)
Twitter (NYSE: TWTR) is what's happening and what people are talking about right now. To learn more, visitabout.twitter.com and follow @Twitter. Let's talk.

A Note About Metrics
Twitter defines monetizable daily active usage or users (mDAU) as people, organizations, or other accounts who logged in or were otherwise authenticated and accessed Twitter on any given day through twitter.com or Twitter applications that are able to show ads. Average mDAU for a period represents the number of mDAU on each day of such period divided by the number of days for such period. Changes in mDAU are a measure of changes in the size of our daily logged in or otherwise authenticated active total accounts. To calculate the year-over-year change in mDAU, we subtract the average mDAU for the three months ended in the previous year from the average mDAU for the same three months ended in the current year and divide the result by the average mDAU for the three months ended in the previous year. Additionally, our calculation of mDAU is not based on any standardized industry methodology and is not necessarily calculated in the same manner or comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies. Similarly, our measures of mDAU growth and engagement may differ from estimates published by third parties or from similarly titled metrics of our competitors due to differences in methodology.

The numbers of mDAU presented in our earnings materials are based on internal company data. While these numbers are based on what we believe to be reasonable estimates for the applicable period of measurement, there are inherent challenges in measuring usage and engagement across our large number of total accounts around the world. Furthermore, our metrics may be impacted by our information quality efforts, which are our overall efforts to reduce malicious activity on the service, inclusive of spam, malicious automation, and fake accounts. For example, there are a number of false or spam accounts in existence on our platform. We have performed an internal review of a sample of accounts and estimate that the average of false or spam accounts during the second quarter of 2021 represented fewer than 5% of our mDAU during the quarter. The false or spam accounts for a period represents the average of false or spam accounts in the samples during each monthly analysis period during the quarter. In making this determination, we applied significant judgment, so our estimation of false or spam accounts may not accurately represent the actual number of such accounts, and the actual number of false or spam accounts could be higher than we have estimated. We are continually seeking to improve our ability to estimate the total number of spam accounts and eliminate them from the calculation of our mDAU, and have made improvements in our spam detection capabilities that have resulted in the suspension of a large number of spam, malicious automation, and fake accounts. We intend to continue to make such improvements. After we determine an account is spam, malicious automation, or fake, we stop counting it in our mDAU, or other related metrics. We also treat multiple accounts held by a single person or organization as multiple mDAU because we permit people and organizations to have more than one account. Additionally, some accounts used by organizations are used by many people within the organization. As such, the calculations of our mDAU may not accurately reflect the actual number of people or organizations using our platform.

In addition, geographic location data collected for purposes of reporting the geographic location of our mDAU is based on the IP address or phone number associated with the account when an account is initially registered on Twitter. The IP address or phone number may not always accurately reflect a person's actual location at the time they engaged with our platform. For example, someone accessing Twitter from the location of the proxy server that the person connects to rather than from the person's actual location.

We regularly review and may adjust our processes for calculating our internal metrics to improve their accuracy.

Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Forward-looking statements generally relate to future events or Twitter's future financial or operating performance. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements because they contain words such as "may," "will," "should," "expects," "plans," "anticipates," "going to," "could," "intends," "target," "projects," "contemplates," "believes," "estimates," "predicts," "potential," or "continue," or the negative of these words or other similar terms or expressions that concern Twitter's expectations, strategy, priorities, plans, or intentions. Forward-looking statements in this press release include, but are not limited to, statements regarding Twitter's future financial and operating performance, including its growth opportunities and its outlook and guidance and assumptions underlying such outlook and guidance, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the timing of recovery from the pandemic on Twitter's operations and personnel, on commercial activity and advertiser demand across Twitter's platform, and on Twitter's operating results, as well as on worldwide and regional economies; the impact of the rollout of iOS 14.5 on Twitter's business and operating results; and Twitter's expectations regarding future headcount growth and other costs and expenses, including its SBC expenses. Twitter's expectations and beliefs regarding these matters may not materialize, and actual results in future periods are subject to risks and uncertainties, including changes in our plans or assumptions, that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. These risks include the possibility that: the COVID-19 pandemic and related impacts will continue to adversely impact our business, financial condition, and operating results and the achievement of our strategic objectives, as well as the markets in which we operate and worldwide and regional economies; Twitter's total accounts and engagement do not grow or decline; Twitter's strategies, priorities, or plans take longer to execute than anticipated; Twitter's new products and product features do not meet expectations or fail to drive mDAU growth; advertisers continue to reduce or discontinue their spending on Twitter; data partners reduce or discontinue their purchases of data licenses from Twitter; and Twitter experiences expenses that exceed its expectations. The forward-looking statements contained in this press release are also subject to other risks and uncertainties, including those more fully described in Twitter's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, and Twitter's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2021, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Additional information will also be set forth in Twitter's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2021. The forward-looking statements in this press release are based on information available to Twitter as of the date hereof, and Twitter disclaims any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, except as required by law.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures
To supplement Twitter's financial information presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America, or GAAP, Twitter considers certain financial measures that are not prepared in accordance with GAAP, including revenues excluding foreign exchange effect, which we refer to as on a constant currency basis, non-GAAP income (loss) before income taxes, non-GAAP provision for (benefit from) income taxes, non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP diluted net income (loss) per share, adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP costs and expenses, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted net margin, adjusted diluted net income (loss) per share, and adjusted free cash flow. In order to present revenues on a constant currency basis for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2021, Twitter translated the applicable measure using the prior year's monthly exchange rates for its settlement currencies other than the US dollar. Twitter defines non-GAAP income (loss) before income taxes as income (loss) before income taxes adjusted to exclude stock-based compensation expense, amortization of acquired intangible assets, non-cash interest expense related to convertible notes, non-cash expense related to acquisitions, impairment (gain) on investments in privately held companies, restructuring charges, and one-time non-recurring gain, if any; Twitter defines non-GAAP provision for (benefit from) income taxes as the current and deferred income tax expense commensurate with the non-GAAP measure of profitability using the estimated annual effective tax rate, which is dependent on the jurisdictional mix of earnings; and Twitter defines non-GAAP net income (loss) as net income (loss) adjusted to exclude stock-based compensation expense, amortization of acquired intangible assets, non-cash interest expense related to convertible notes, non-cash expense related to acquisitions, impairment (gain) on investments in privately held companies, restructuring charges, and one-time non-recurring gain, if any, and adjustment to income tax expense based on the non-GAAP measure of profitability using the estimated annual effective tax rate, which is dependent on the jurisdictional mix of earnings. Non-GAAP diluted net income (loss) per share is calculated by dividing non-GAAP net income (loss) by the non-GAAP diluted shares. When the convertible notes are dilutive, interest expense, net of tax, is added back to non-GAAP net income to calculate non-GAAP diluted net income per share. The non-GAAP diluted shares are GAAP diluted shares plus the potential additional common stock impact of the convertible senior notes that were anti-dilutive for the GAAP diluted share calculation. Twitter defines adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) adjusted to exclude stock-based compensation expense, depreciation and amortization expense, interest and other expense, net, provision for (benefit from) income taxes, restructuring charges, and one-time non-recurring gain, if any. Twitter defines non-GAAP costs and expenses as total costs and expenses adjusted to exclude stock-based compensation expense, amortization of acquired intangible assets, non-cash expense related to acquisitions, restructuring charges, and one-time non-recurring gain, if any. We have presented adjusted net income (loss) solely to exclude the income tax provision from the establishment of a valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets in the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, and no other adjustments were made in the calculation of this measure. Adjusted net margin is calculated by dividing adjusted net income (loss) by GAAP revenue. Adjusted diluted net income (loss) per share is calculated by dividing adjusted net income (loss) by the GAAP diluted shares. When the convertible notes are dilutive, interest expense, net of tax, is added back to adjusted net income to calculate adjusted diluted net income per share. Adjusted free cash flow is GAAP net cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures (i.e., purchases of property and equipment including equipment purchases that were financed through finance leases, less proceeds received from the disposition of property and equipment).

Twitter is presenting these non-GAAP financial measures to assist investors in seeing Twitter's operating results through the eyes of management, and because it believes that these measures provide an additional tool for investors to use in comparing Twitter's core business operating results over multiple periods with other companies in its industry.

Twitter believes that revenues on a constant currency basis, non-GAAP income (loss) before income taxes, non-GAAP provision for (benefit from) income taxes, non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP diluted net income (loss) per share, adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP costs and expenses, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted net margin, and adjusted diluted net income (loss) per share provide useful information about its operating results, enhance the overall understanding of Twitter's past performance and future prospects, and allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by Twitter's management in its financial and operational decision-making. Twitter uses these measures to establish budgets and operational goals for managing its business and evaluating its performance.

Twitter believes that revenues on a constant currency basis is a useful metric that facilitates comparison to its historical performance. Twitter believes that non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP diluted net income (loss) per share, adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP costs and expenses, adjusted net income (loss), adjusted net margin, and adjusted diluted net income (loss) per share help identify underlying trends in its business that could otherwise be masked by expenses and one-time gains or charges, or the effects of the tax provisions from the establishment of a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets described above, which are non-operating expenses.

In addition, Twitter believes that adjusted free cash flow provides useful information to management and investors about the amount of cash from operations and that it is typically a more conservative measure of cash flows. However, adjusted free cash flow does not necessarily represent funds available for discretionary use and is not necessarily a measure of its ability to fund its cash needs.

These non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP. These non-GAAP financial measures are not based on any standardized methodology prescribed by GAAP and are not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies.

Contacts

Investors:
ir@twitter.com

Press:
press@twitter.com

TWITTER, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)




June 30, 2021


December 31, 2020

Assets





Current assets:





Cash and cash equivalents


$

4,125,595



$

1,988,429


Short-term investments


4,481,468



5,483,873


Accounts receivable, net


954,265



1,041,743


Prepaid expenses and other current assets


166,813



123,063


Total current assets


9,728,141



8,637,108


Property and equipment, net


1,884,790



1,493,794


Operating lease right-of-use assets


1,153,017



930,139


Intangible assets, net


57,513



58,338


Goodwill


1,325,200



1,312,346


Deferred tax assets, net


936,121



796,326


Other assets


238,443



151,039


Total assets


$

15,323,225



$

13,379,090


Liabilities and stockholders' equity





Current liabilities:





Accounts payable


$

325,446



$

194,281


Accrued and other current liabilities


775,102



663,532


Convertible notes, short-term


953,565



917,866


Operating lease liabilities, short-term


203,806



177,147


Total current liabilities


2,257,919



1,952,826


Convertible notes, long-term


3,554,847



1,875,878


Senior notes, long-term


693,491



692,994


Operating lease liabilities, long-term


1,026,006



819,748


Deferred and other long-term tax liabilities, net


40,791



31,463


Other long-term liabilities


34,043



36,099


Total liabilities


7,607,097



5,409,008


Stockholders' equity:





Common stock


4



4


Additional paid-in capital


8,457,717



9,167,138


Treasury stock


(5,298)



(5,297)


Accumulated other comprehensive loss


(89,056)



(66,094)


Accumulated deficit


(647,239)



(1,125,669)


Total stockholders' equity


7,716,128



7,970,082


Total liabilities and stockholders' equity


$

15,323,225



$

13,379,090


TWITTER, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)




Three Months Ended

June 30,


Six Months Ended

June 30,



2021


2020


2021


2020

Revenue


$

1,190,427



$

683,438



$

2,226,445



$

1,491,075


Costs and expenses









Cost of revenue


416,932



288,039



797,940



572,076


Research and development


299,859



215,806



550,568



416,194


Sales and marketing


301,902



207,286



536,494



428,573


General and administrative (1)


141,482



246,237



259,009



355,605


Total costs and expenses


1,160,175



957,368



2,144,011



1,772,448


Income (loss) from operations


30,252



(273,930)



82,434



(281,373)


Interest expense


(13,893)



(39,828)



(27,078)



(73,098)


Interest income


9,202



25,013



20,203



57,910


Other income (expense), net


55,739



(361)



55,745



(8,080)


Income (loss) before income taxes


81,300



(289,106)



131,304



(304,641)


Provision (benefit) for income taxes


15,651



1,088,899



(2,350)



1,081,760


Net income (loss)


$

65,649



$

(1,378,005)



$

133,654



$

(1,386,401)


Net income (loss) per share:









Basic


$

0.08



$

(1.75)



$

0.17



$

(1.77)


Diluted


$

0.08



$

(1.75)



$

0.16



$

(1.77)


Numerator used to compute net income (loss) per share:









Basic


$

65,649



$

(1,378,005)



$

133,654



$

(1,386,401)


Diluted


$

68,501



$

(1,378,005)



$

138,896



$

(1,386,401)


Weighted-average shares used to compute net income (loss) per share:









Basic


796,472



785,909



795,992



783,303


Diluted


869,180



785,909



870,622



783,303











(1) In July 2020, prior to our filing of our Form 10-Q for the second quarter of 2020, we received a draft complaint from the Federal Trade Commission and recorded $150 million in general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of operations in the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.

TWITTER, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)




Three Months Ended June 30,


Six Months Ended June 30,



2021


2020


2021


2020

Cash flows from operating activities









Net income (loss)


$

65,649



$

(1,378,005)



$

133,654



$

(1,386,401)


Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:









Depreciation and amortization expense


134,812



123,837



265,864



244,486


Stock-based compensation expense


178,202



132,876



289,075



230,779


Amortization of discount on convertible notes




26,556





48,060


Bad debt expense


1,796



3,428



391



17,495


Deferred income taxes


856



(19,013)



(23,017)



(26,037)


Deferred tax assets valuation allowance establishment




1,101,374





1,101,374


Impairment (gain) on investments in privately-held companies


(51,894)



500



(51,894)



8,503


Other adjustments


(3,272)



3,240



1,467



(5,185)


Changes in assets and liabilities, net of assets acquired and liabilities assumed
from acquisitions:









Accounts receivable


(100,328)



65,349



88,969



234,281


Prepaid expenses and other assets


36,469



9,209



(44,520)



2,957


Operating lease right-of-use assets


54,803



39,368



104,049



78,117


Accounts payable


27,626



(11,754)



2,818



(26,234)


Accrued and other liabilities


92,861



143,743



99,243



4,575


Operating lease liabilities


(55,613)



(39,692)



(93,948)



(78,987)


Net cash provided by operating activities


381,967



201,016



772,151



447,783


Cash flows from investing activities









Purchases of property and equipment


(279,195)



(164,416)



(460,376)



(287,083)


Proceeds from sales of property and equipment


3,002



2,282



4,837



3,905


Purchases of marketable securities


(794,866)



(1,889,234)



(2,165,696)



(3,122,764)


Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities


863,076



1,355,500



2,084,537



2,481,134


Proceeds from sales of marketable securities


25,191



136,416



1,092,794



858,669


Purchases of investments in privately-held companies


(630)





(31,497)



(1,339)


Investments in Finance Justice Fund


(12,500)





(22,700)




Business combinations, net of cash acquired


(14,559)



(19,505)



(22,937)



(34,285)


Other investing activities


700





(8,385)



(11,050)


Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities


(209,781)



(578,957)



470,577



(112,813)


Cash flows from financing activities









Proceeds from issuance of convertible notes






1,437,500



1,000,000


Purchases of convertible note hedges






(213,469)




Proceeds from issuance of warrants concurrent with note hedges






161,144




Debt issuance costs






(16,769)



(14,662)


Repurchases of common stock


(333,812)





(495,364)




Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards


(4,928)



(2,925)



(15,497)



(14,618)


Payments of finance lease obligations




(6,490)



(565)



(16,456)


Proceeds from exercise of stock options


28



118



1,986



423


Proceeds from issuances of common stock under employee stock purchase plan


39,531



34,395



39,531



34,395


Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities


(299,181)



25,098



898,497



989,082


Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash


(126,995)



(352,843)



2,141,225



1,324,052


Foreign exchange effect on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash


4,019



(3,830)



(3,999)



(15,778)


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period


4,271,478



3,492,613



2,011,276



1,827,666


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period


$

4,148,502



$

3,135,940



$

4,148,502



$

3,135,940


Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities









Common stock issued in connection with acquisitions


$



$



$



$

1,312


Changes in accrued property and equipment purchases


$

81,227



$

1,737



$

138,257



$

40,249


Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash as shown in the
consolidated statements of cash flows









Cash and cash equivalents


$

4,125,595



$

3,112,454



...

$

4,125,595



$

3,112,454


Restricted cash included in prepaid expenses and other current assets


3,286



2,900



3,286



2,900


Restricted cash included in other assets


19,621



20,586



19,621



20,586


Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash


$

4,148,502



$

3,135,940



$

4,148,502



$

3,135,940


TWITTER, INC.

RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)




Three Months Ended


Six Months Ended



June 30,


June 30,



2021


2020


2021


2020

Non-GAAP net income (loss):









Net income (loss) (1)


$

65,649



$

(1,378,005)



$

133,654



$

(1,386,401)


Exclude: Provision (benefit) for income taxes


15,651



1,088,899



(2,350)



1,081,760


Income (loss) before income taxes


81,300



(289,106)



131,304



(304,641)


Stock-based compensation expense


178,202



132,876



289,075



230,779


Amortization of acquired intangible assets


11,732



7,519



19,839



12,560


Non-cash interest expense related to convertible notes (2)




26,556





48,060


Impairment (gain) on investments in privately-held companies


(51,894)



500



(51,894)



8,503


Non-GAAP income (loss) before income taxes


219,340



(121,655)



388,324



(4,739)


Non-GAAP provision for income taxes (3)


44,821



1,118,723



72,594



1,148,231


Non-GAAP net income (loss)


$

174,519



$

(1,240,378)



$

315,730



$

(1,152,970)


Non-GAAP diluted net income (loss) per share:









Non-GAAP net income (loss)


$

174,519



$

(1,240,378)



$

315,730



$

(1,152,970)


Plus: interest expense on convertible notes, net of tax (4)


5,100





9,690




Numerator used to compute non-GAAP diluted net income (loss) per share


$

179,619



$

(1,240,378)



$

325,420



$

(1,152,970)


GAAP diluted shares (5)


869,180



785,909



870,622



783,303


Non-GAAP dilutive securities (6)


12,287





12,287




Non-GAAP diluted shares


881,467



785,909



882,909



783,303


Non-GAAP diluted net income (loss) per share


$

0.20



$

(1.58)



$

0.37



$

(1.47)


Adjusted EBITDA:









Net income (loss) (1)


$

65,649



$

(1,378,005)



$

133,654



$

(1,386,401)


Stock-based compensation expense


178,202



132,876



289,075



230,779


Depreciation and amortization expense


134,812



123,837



265,864



244,486


Interest and other expense (income), net


(51,048)



15,176



(48,870)



23,268


Provision (benefit) for income taxes


15,651



1,088,899



(2,350)



1,081,760


Adjusted EBITDA


$

343,266



$

(17,217)



$

637,373



$

193,892


Stock-based compensation expense by function:









Cost of revenue


$

13,120



$

8,996



$

21,852



$

14,752


Research and development


103,312



77,988



168,468



138,575


Sales and marketing


36,371



29,183



57,542



48,022


General and administrative


25,399



16,709



41,213



29,430


Total stock-based compensation expense


$

178,202



$

132,876



$

289,075



$

230,779


Amortization of acquired intangible assets by function:









Cost of revenue


$

6,973



$

7,519



$

13,472



$

12,560


Research and development


4,609





6,117




Sales and marketing


150





250




Total amortization of acquired intangible assets


$

11,732



$

7,519



$

19,839



$

12,560


Non-GAAP costs and expenses:









Total costs and expenses


$

1,160,175



$

957,368



$

2,144,011



$

1,772,448


Less: stock-based compensation expense


(178,202)



(132,876)



(289,075)



(230,779)


Less: amortization of acquired intangible assets


(11,732)



(7,519)



(19,839)



(12,560)


Total non-GAAP costs and expenses


$

970,241



$

816,973



$

1,835,097



$

1,529,109


TWITTER, INC.

RECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

(Continued)




Three Months Ended


Six Months Ended



June 30,


June 30,



2021


2020


2021


2020

Adjusted free cash flow:









Net cash provided by operating activities


$

381,967



$

201,016



$

772,151



$

447,783


Less: purchases of property and equipment


(279,195)



(164,416)



(460,376)



(287,083)


Plus: proceeds from sales of property and equipment


3,002



2,282



4,837



3,905


Adjusted free cash flow


$

105,774



$

38,882



$

316,612



$

164,605


Adjusted net income (loss):









Net income (loss) (1)


$

65,649



$

(1,378,005)



$

133,654



$

(1,386,401)


Exclude: provision for deferred tax assets valuation allowance (7)




1,101,374





1,101,374


Adjusted net income (loss)


$

65,649



$

(276,631)



$

133,654



$

(285,027)


Adjusted diluted net income (loss) per share:









Adjusted net income (loss)


$

65,649



$

(276,631)



$

133,654



$

(285,027)


Plus: interest expense on convertible notes, net of tax (8)


2,852





5,242




Numerator used to compute adjusted diluted net income (loss) per share


$

68,501



$

(276,631)



$

138,896



$

(285,027)


GAAP diluted shares


869,180



785,909



870,622



783,303


Adjusted diluted net income (loss) per share


$

0.08



$

(0.35)



$

0.16



$

(0.36)











(1) In July 2020, prior to our filing of our Form 10-Q for the second quarter of 2020, we received a draft complaint from the Federal Trade Commission and recorded $150 million in general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of operations in the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.

(2) The Company adopted the new accounting standard update to simplify the accounting for convertible debt on January 1, 2021 using the modified retrospective method. The adoption eliminates the non-cash interest expense related to the conversion features of the convertible notes beginning in the first quarter of 2021.

(3) The non-GAAP provision for income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 includes a provision for income taxes of $1.11 billion related to the establishment of a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets.

(4) In the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, interest expense on the 2021 convertible notes, 2024 convertible notes, 2025 convertible notes, and 2026 convertible notes, net of any income tax effects, are added back to the numerator for purposes of the if-converted method used to calculate non-GAAP diluted net income per share upon adoption of the new accounting standard update to simplify the accounting for convertible debt as of January 1, 2021.

(5) Gives effect to potential common stock instruments such as stock options, RSUs, shares to be issued under ESPP, unvested restricted stocks, the convertible notes, and warrants. There is no dilutive effect of the common stock instruments, the convertible notes, or the related hedge and warrant transactions in the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 due to the GAAP net loss position. GAAP diluted shares in the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 reflect the dilutive effect of the 2024 convertible notes, 2025 convertible notes, and 2026 convertible notes upon adoption of the new accounting standard update to simplify the accounting for convertible debt as of January 1, 2021. In the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the 2021 convertible notes were not included in the computation of GAAP diluted shares as the effect of including these shares in the calculation would have been anti-dilutive.

(6) In the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the 2021 convertible notes were included in the computation of Non-GAAP diluted shares as the effect of including these shares in the calculation is dilutive.

(7) The provision for deferred tax assets valuation allowance in the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 is related to the establishment of a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets.

(8) In the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, interest expense on the 2024 convertible notes, 2025 convertible notes and 2026 convertible notes, net of any income tax effects, are added back to the numerator for purposes of the if-converted method used to calculate adjusted diluted net income per share upon adoption of the new accounting standard update to simplify the accounting for convertible debt as of January 1, 2021.

TWITTER, INC.

RECONCILIATION OF GAAP REVENUE TO NON-GAAP CONSTANT CURRENCY REVENUE

(In millions)

(Unaudited)




Three Months Ended


Six Months Ended



June 30,


June 30,



2021


2020


2021


2020

Revenue, advertising revenue, data licensing and other revenue, international revenue and
international advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect (1):









Revenue


$

1,190



$

683



$

2,226



$

1,491


Foreign exchange effect on 2021 revenue using 2020 rates


(15)





(26)




Revenue excluding foreign exchange effect


$

1,175





$

2,200




Revenue year-over-year change percent


74

%




49

%



Revenue excluding foreign exchange effect year-over-year change percent


72

%




48

%












Advertising revenue


$

1,053



$

562



$

1,952



$

1,244


Foreign exchange effect on 2021 advertising revenue using 2020 rates


(15)





(26)




Advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect


$

1,038





$

1,926




Advertising revenue year-over-year change percent


87

%




57

%



Advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect year-over-year change percent


85

%




55

%












Data licensing and other revenue


$

137



$

121



$

274



$

247


Foreign exchange effect on 2021 data licensing and other revenue using 2020 rates









Data licensing and other revenue excluding foreign exchange effect


$

137





$

274




Data licensing and other revenue year-over-year change percent


13

%




11

%



Data licensing and other revenue excluding foreign exchange effect year-over-year change percent


13

%




11

%












International revenue


$

537



$

319



$

1,017



$

658


Foreign exchange effect on 2021 international revenue using 2020 rates


(15)





(26)




International revenue excluding foreign exchange effect


$

522





$

991




International revenue year-over-year change percent


69

%




55

%



International revenue excluding foreign exchange effect year-over-year change percent


64

%




51

%












International advertising revenue


$

491



$

279



$

926



$

579


Foreign exchange effect on 2021 international advertising revenue using 2020 rates


(15)





(26)




International advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect


$

476





$

900




International advertising revenue year-over-year change percent


76

%




60

%



International advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect year-over-year change percent


71

%




55

%












(1) The sum of individual amounts may not always equal total amounts indicated due to rounding.

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View original content:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/twitter-announces-second-quarter-2021-results-301339855.html

SOURCE Twitter, Inc.

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