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This Is Sanmenxia City, China, Where the Yangshao Culture Was Discovered 100 Years Ago

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SANMENXIA, China, October 22, 2021--(BUSINESS WIRE)--On October 17, the Yangshao Village National Archaeological Site Park opened, which is located in Mianchi County, Sanmenxia City, central China's Henan Province, where the Yangshao culture was discovered and named, and was declared the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units by the Chinese State Council in 1961.

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Yangshao Village National Archaeological Site Park Opened in Sanmenxia City, Henan Province, China (Photo: Business Wire)

In October 1921, with the support of the Chinese government, the Swedish geologist Andersson led Yuan Fuli and other Chinese scholars to Yangshao Village and officially began excavations. It took 36 days to excavate 17 excavation sites and unearthed a large number of fine pottery, stone tools and a few bone tools, mussels and other precious relics. A new type of prehistoric culture "Yangshao Culture" was thus discovered and named. The Yangshao Village site was the first shovel of scientific excavation in China, representing the birth of modern Chinese archaeology.

Academic circles recognize this as the beginning of modern Chinese archaeology. The Yangshao Village excavation revealed the first prehistoric Yangshao Culture through archaeological discoveries. It also filled the knowledge gap on whether China was in the Neolithic era at the time.

On October 18, the final results of the "China's Top 100 Archaeological Discoveries in A Century" were announced at the opening ceremony of the 3rd China Archaeological Congress hosted by the Archaeological Institute of China, including Yangshao Site in Mianchi County, Henan, Zhoukoudian Site in Beijing, Liangzhu Site in Yuhang, Zhejiang, Sanxingdui Ruins in Guanghan, Sichuan, Qin Shihuang Mausoleum in Shaanxi and other selected sites. This time, Woori Media & Culture (Beijing) Co., Ltd was involved in undertaking the overseas promotion of this project.

Yangshao Village National Archaeological Site Park connects the Yangshao Culture Museum, excavation memorial sites, cultural layer sections, archaeological display areas and other landscapes in a series of points, demonstrating the monumentality of the archaeological achievements of the Yangshao Village site, the authenticity of the site display and the integrity of the site environment. (End)

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