The Queensland Government says it will consider a new report that questions the environmental credentials of the coal seam gas (CSG) industry.
The research found higher methane levels in the air and water around active gasfields in southern Queensland.
The Southern Cross university report says the findings could have significant carbon-tax implications for the CSG industry and may refute claims it is cleaner than coal mining.
Queensland's Gasfields Commission is investigating the report.
Premier Campbell Newman says the State Government will also have a look.
"I'm not going to tolerate any activities in any industry that affects people in terms of the environment where they live," he said.
"I will keenly look at this document, the Health Minister [Lawrence Springborg] will, [and] so will people like [Deputy Premier] Jeff Seeney and [Natural Resources and Mines] Minister Andrew Cripps.
"We're quite supportive of the coal seam gas and the LNG [liquefied natural gas] industry.
"It's a very important export industry for Queensland." The Australian Production Petroleum and Exploration Association (APPEA) says the study is premature and questionable.
APPEA spokesman Rick Wilkinson says more conclusive work needs to be done.
"It's very early days - it's quite preliminary and we're yet to see where this all leads," he said.
Meanwhile, environmental activist Drew Hutton, from the Lock the Gate Alliance, wants a moratorium on the CSG industry.
"We need to do the work now to find out whether this is a inevitable part of the coal seam gas industry," he said.
"On the Western Downs it's coming through the soil, it's coming through cracks and fissures - not just the equipment of the industry."