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Outlook for German economy 'negative': Moody's

A trader works at the stock exchange in Frankfurt/M., western Germany. Moody's on Monday warned the outlook for the economies of Germany, the Netherlands and Luxembourg was now negative, the first step toward a possible credit ratings downgrade.

Moody's lowered its assessment of the German economy on Monday, taking a first step toward a full credit rating downgrade for Europe's largest and most pivotal market.

The agency lowered the outlook for the German economy to "negative" from "stable" -- along with a similar move for the Netherlands and Luxembourg -- sending a stark warning that no economy is immune from the eurozone crisis.

Moody's said that the three AAA-rated countries faced risks from the increased prospect of Greece leaving the eurozone and from the possible need to bail out Spain and Italy.

"The level of uncertainty about the outlook for the euro area, and the potential impact of plausible scenarios on member states, are no longer consistent with stable outlooks," it said.

The ratings agency pointed to a "reactive and gradualist policy response" by European leaders as one cause for continued concern.

But even if Greece survives, Moody's warned that richer nations would likely shoulder more burdens going forward, including the possibility of bailing out large eurozone members.

"The continued deterioration in Spain and Italy's macroeconomic and funding environment has increased the risk that they will require some kind of external support."

That would send the eurozone crisis to a different level.

"Spain's economy and government bond market is around double the combined size of those of Greece, Portugal and Ireland," Moody's said referring to the three already bailed-out eurozone nations.

Moody's also announced that Finland's AAA rating and outlook were unchanged.