European shares tentative as US debt talk nerves linger

·4-min read

European shares have made a cautious start while Wall Street futures have struggled, with traders left on edge as US debt ceiling negotiations approached crunch time after stalling.

US President Joe Biden and House Republican Speaker Kevin McCarthy will meet to discuss the debt ceiling on Monday, less than two weeks before a June 1 deadline after which Treasury expects the federal government will struggle to pay its debts.

A failure to lift the debt ceiling would trigger a default, likely sparking chaos in financial markets and a spike in interest rates.

The MSCI All-World index was up 0.12 per cent on the day, while Europe's STOXX 600 fell 0.03 per cent.

London's FTSE 100 gained 0.19 per cent.

US stock index futures similarly painted a mixed picture, with S&P 500 futures falling 0.15 per cent while Nasdaq futures rose 0.03 per cent.

"We believe that the debt ceiling issues in the US will remain quite short-lived," said HSBC chief Asia economist Frederic Neumann at a webinar on Monday.

"Certainly there (are) risks there of greater financial volatility.

"If this is more drawn out than expected, then this would likely depress US growth ... but it's not our base case at the moment, because we do think that we'll find a resolution either just before the deadline or just after the deadline."

European stocks extended some of the gains from their Asia counterparts, which rose on a rally in regional chip shares after China on Sunday barred US firm Micron from selling memory chips to key domestic industries over security concerns.

The ban helped stocks of Micron's rivals in China and elsewhere, which are likely to benefit as mainland firms seek memory products from other sources.

However, market jitters about the US debt ceiling talks set the mood.

"In the art of brinkmanship, it feels that to get a deal we must see greater market volatility," said Chris Weston, head of research at Pepperstone.

Jonathan Pingle, US chief economist at UBS, views the Japanese yen and gold as best placed to benefit from a US default.

"Only a one-month long impasse post the X-date is likely to cause a tightening of financing conditions sharp enough that it causes the dollar to rally strongly," Pingle said.

On Friday, reports the debt ceiling negotiations had reached an impasse rattled markets even as Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said US interest rates might not need to rise as much given the tighter credit conditions from the banking crisis.

Futures are pricing in close to a 90 per cent chance that the Fed will keep rates unchanged at its next meeting in June, and a total of almost 50 basis points of cuts by the end of the year.

That has knocked the dollar off a two-month top against a basket of major peers, although the index found some support from safe-haven bids and was last 0.15 per cent higher at 103.19.

Meanwhile, regional US bank shares fell on Friday, as Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen reportedly warned more mergers might be necessary after a series of bank failures.

In Asia, China kept its key lending rates unchanged on Monday even as an economic recovery disappointed.

Traders are also digesting the implications of the Group of Seven's "de-risk, not decouple" approach to China and supply chains flagged at the group's summit on Sunday.

Beijing has summoned the Japanese ambassador to register protests over "hype around China-related issues" at the summit.

The Fed will release minutes of its May meeting on Wednesday, while US personal consumption expenditures inflation data is due out on Friday.

In the Treasuries market, debt ceiling concerns have created large distortions in the short end of the yield curve as investors avoid bills that come due when the Treasury is at risk of running out of funds.

The yield on the one-month Treasury bill jumped 15 basis points to 5.6677 per cent on Monday.

Two-year yields last stood at 4.2429 per cent, pulling away from a recent two-month high, while the 10-year yield also dipped to 3.6574 per cent.

Oil prices took a hit. US crude futures were down 1.2 per cent to $US70.68 ($A106.31) per barrel, while Brent crude futures likewise fell more than 1.0 per cent to $US74.77 ($A112.46) per barrel.

Gold prices were largely unchanged at $US1,974.60 ($A2,969.90) per ounce.