Advertisement
Australia markets closed
  • ALL ORDS

    7,937.50
    -0.40 (-0.01%)
     
  • ASX 200

    7,683.00
    -0.50 (-0.01%)
     
  • AUD/USD

    0.6509
    +0.0009 (+0.14%)
     
  • OIL

    82.98
    +0.17 (+0.21%)
     
  • GOLD

    2,328.70
    -9.70 (-0.41%)
     
  • Bitcoin AUD

    98,678.52
    -3,839.29 (-3.74%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    1,387.31
    -36.79 (-2.58%)
     
  • AUD/EUR

    0.6076
    +0.0005 (+0.08%)
     
  • AUD/NZD

    1.0953
    +0.0011 (+0.10%)
     
  • NZX 50

    11,946.43
    +143.15 (+1.21%)
     
  • NASDAQ

    17,526.80
    +55.33 (+0.32%)
     
  • FTSE

    8,040.38
    -4.43 (-0.06%)
     
  • Dow Jones

    38,460.92
    -42.77 (-0.11%)
     
  • DAX

    18,088.70
    -48.95 (-0.27%)
     
  • Hang Seng

    17,249.01
    +47.74 (+0.28%)
     
  • NIKKEI 225

    37,626.67
    -833.41 (-2.17%)
     

A Look At The Intrinsic Value Of Brambles Limited (ASX:BXB)

Key Insights

  • Using the 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity, Brambles fair value estimate is AU$16.83

  • Current share price of AU$15.18 suggests Brambles is potentially trading close to its fair value

  • Our fair value estimate is 9.5% higher than Brambles' analyst price target of US$15.37

Today we will run through one way of estimating the intrinsic value of Brambles Limited (ASX:BXB) by projecting its future cash flows and then discounting them to today's value. We will take advantage of the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model for this purpose. Models like these may appear beyond the comprehension of a lay person, but they're fairly easy to follow.

Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

ADVERTISEMENT

View our latest analysis for Brambles

Step By Step Through The Calculation

We're using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company's growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have a stable growth rate. In the first stage we need to estimate the cash flows to the business over the next ten years. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

2029

2030

2031

2032

2033

Levered FCF ($, Millions)

US$441.0m

US$606.7m

US$638.3m

US$696.4m

US$731.0m

US$758.5m

US$783.5m

US$806.6m

US$828.4m

US$849.5m

Growth Rate Estimate Source

Analyst x6

Analyst x6

Analyst x5

Analyst x2

Analyst x2

Est @ 3.77%

Est @ 3.29%

Est @ 2.95%

Est @ 2.71%

Est @ 2.55%

Present Value ($, Millions) Discounted @ 6.6%

US$414

US$534

US$527

US$540

US$532

US$518

US$502

US$485

US$468

US$450

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = US$5.0b

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (2.2%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 6.6%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2033 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = US$850m× (1 + 2.2%) ÷ (6.6%– 2.2%) = US$20b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= US$20b÷ ( 1 + 6.6%)10= US$10b

The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is US$15b. The last step is to then divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of AU$15.2, the company appears about fair value at a 9.8% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
dcf

Important Assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company's future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Brambles as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 6.6%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.957. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

SWOT Analysis for Brambles

Strength

  • Earnings growth over the past year exceeded the industry.

  • Debt is well covered by earnings and cashflows.

Weakness

  • Dividend is low compared to the top 25% of dividend payers in the Commercial Services market.

Opportunity

  • Annual revenue is forecast to grow faster than the Australian market.

  • Good value based on P/E ratio and estimated fair value.

Threat

  • Dividends are not covered by cash flow.

  • Annual earnings are forecast to grow slower than the Australian market.

Moving On:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. The DCF model is not a perfect stock valuation tool. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. For instance, if the terminal value growth rate is adjusted slightly, it can dramatically alter the overall result. For Brambles, there are three further elements you should explore:

  1. Risks: Consider for instance, the ever-present spectre of investment risk. We've identified 2 warning signs with Brambles , and understanding them should be part of your investment process.

  2. Future Earnings: How does BXB's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.

  3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the ASX every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.