Australia Markets open in 1 hr 6 mins

Long before he became the president of Russia, Vladimir Putin was a KGB spy -- take a look at his early career

Áine Cain

• Russian President Vladimir Putin was recruited as a KGB agent after graduating from university.

• He served as an agent in East Germany for five years.

• Putin's experience as a KGB operative may have helped to mould his worldview.

The Cold War is long finished, but Russian intelligence has been all over the American news.

Russia is accused of hacking the DNC's emails and engaging in other forms of cyber subversion in order to throw the race in favour of now-US President Donald Trump. A series of politically charged social media groups and advertising campaigns have been traced back to Russia, and special counsel Robert Mueller is reportedly investigating former Trump campaign manager Paul Manafort, allegedly for potential collusion with Russia.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has denied that his country is involved in a cyber war with the US.

At the same time, he's also expressed his pride in the "unique people" of Russia's intelligence community, according to the AFP. Putin's soft spot for spies comes as no surprise: His previous career was a KGB operative.

Here's a look into Putin's early career as a spy:

As a teenager, Putin was captivated by the novel and film series 'The Shield and the Sword.' The story focuses on a brave Soviet secret agent who helps thwart the Nazis. Putin later said he was struck by how 'one spy could decide the fate of thousands of people.'

Source: 'The New Tsar: The Rise and Reign of Vladimir Putin'

Putin went to school at Saint Petersburg State University, where he studied law. His undergraduate thesis focused on international law and trade.

Source: 'The New Tsar: The Rise and Reign of Vladimir Putin'

After initially considering going into law, Putin was recruited into the KGB upon graduating in 1975.

Source: 'The New Tsar: The Rise and Reign of Vladimir Putin'

After getting the good news, Putin and a friend headed to a nearby Georgian restaurant. They celebrated over satsivi -- grilled chicken prepared with walnut sauce -- and downed shots of sweet liqueur.

Source: 'The New Tsar: The Rise and Reign of Vladimir Putin'

He trained at the Red Banner Institute in Moscow. Putin's former chief of staff and fellow KGB trainee Sergei Ivanov told the Telegraph that some lessons from senior spies amounted to little more than 'idiocy.'

Source: 'Mr. Putin: Operative in the Kremlin,' The Telegraph

Putin belonged to the 'cohort of outsiders' KGB chairman Yuri Andropov pumped into the intelligence agency in the 1970s. Andropov's goal was to improve the institution by recruiting younger, more critical KGB officers.

Source: 'Mr. Putin: Operative in the Kremlin'

Putin's spy career was far from glamorous, according to Steve Lee Meyers' 'The New Tsar.' His early years consisted of working in a gloomy office filled with ageing staffers, 'pushing papers at work and still living at home with his parents without a room of his own.'

Source: 'The New Tsar: The Rise and Reign of Vladimir Putin'

He attended training at the heavily fortified School No. 401 in Saint Petersburg, where prospective officers learned intelligence tactics and interrogation techniques, and trained physically. In 1976, he became a first lieutenant.

Source: 'The New Tsar: The Rise and Reign of Vladimir Putin,' 'Mr. Putin: Operative in the Kremlin'

Putin's focus may have included counter-intelligence and monitoring foreigners. According to Meyers, Putin may have also worked with the KGB's Fifth Chief Directorate, which was dedicated to crushing political dissidents.

Source: 'The New Tsar: The Rise and Reign of Vladimir Putin'

In 1985, Putin adopted the cover identity of a translator and transferred to Dresden, Germany. In 'Mr. Putin,' Fiona Hill and Cliff Gaddy speculate his mission may have been to recruit top East German Communist Party and Stasi officials, steal technological secrets, compromise visiting Westerners, or travel undercover to West Germany.

Source: 'Mr. Putin: Operative in the Kremlin'

Hill and Gaddy conclude that the 'most likely answer to which of these was Putin's actual mission in Dresden is: 'all of the above.''

Source: 'Mr. Putin: Operative in the Kremlin'

'It was clear the Union was ailing,' Putin said, of his time abroad. 'And it had a terminal, incurable illness under the title of paralysis. A paralysis of power.'

Source: 'Mr. Putin: Operative in the Kremlin'

Putin ultimately quit the KGB in 1991, during a hard-liner coup against Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev. He became an official in Boris Yeltsin's subsequent administration, took over for him upon his resignation, and was ultimately elected president for the first time in 2000.

Source: 'Putin: Russia's Choice'