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Eramet: EBITDA at €982m, continued Group deleveraging in first-half 2022

Eramet SA
Eramet SA

Paris, 27 July 2022, 6:30 p.m.

PRESS RELEASE

Eramet: EBITDA at €982m1, continued Group deleveraging in first-half 2022

  • High price levels for all of the Group’s markets, in particular for manganese alloys (from +45% to +70% in Europe vs. H1 2021) and high-grade manganese ore (+34%), combined with a favourable €/$ currency effect.

  • Strong growth in volumes, continued development plans:

    • +16% of manganese ore produced and transported in Gabon (vs. H1 2021)

    • +31% of exported volumes of nickel ore from New Caledonia

    • +33% of nickel ore produced in Weda Bay

  • In the new Eramet scope, excluding operations sold or in the process of being sold1:

    • Group half-year EBITDA more than tripled to €982m

    • Very strong increase in Free Cash-Flow (FCF) to €429m, including €86m linked to the sale of Sandouville in February

  • Continued Group debt reduction with leverage of 0.4x

  • Net income, Group share at €677m

  • Construction of the lithium plant in Argentina started, in line with the initial schedule

  • Continued studies as part of the partnership with BASF for the production of battery-grade nickel and cobalt

  • Signing of the Share Purchase Agreement for Aubert & Duval in June; completion expected by the end of the year, marking the refocusing on Mining and Metals activities

  • 2022 Outlook:

    • Production volume targets confirmed, except SLN

    • Favourable seasonality in H2, leading to a positive intrinsic performance over the year

    • Prices expected to decline in H2:

      • Significant trend reversal in H2 for manganese alloys invoiced selling prices, as expected

      • Consensus2 for average manganese ore prices at $6.4/dmtu for the year ($6/dmtu in H2) and LME nickel prices at $25,600/t ($24,500/t in H2); ferronickel price at a level well below the LME nickel price

  • Input costs to remain at high levels

  • Strongly negative impact of all external factors in H2

  • In an inflationary context which remains uncertain, and based on the consensus of the abovementioned prices, forecast EBITDA revised up to around €1.6bn3 in 2022

Christel Bories, Eramet group Chair and CEO:

We achieved a very good first half-year, characterised by an increase in our production volumes in a particularly favourable price environment.

We enter the second semester by strengthening our mobilisation on operational excellence and cash optimisation, in a more uncertain macroeconomic context.

Eramet continues to refocus itself on a portfolio of competitive and cash-generating mining and metallurgical assets and now has a more solid financial structure.

This strengthened position enables us to support our future growth, supported by an increasingly exemplary approach to social responsibility.

  • CSR commitments

The Group continued to successfully implement its CSR roadmap.

Safety is constantly and regularly improving. The accident frequency rate declined 19% in H1 2022 vs. end-2021 (Group TRIR4 at 1.8), with no serious accidents recorded since April 2021.

With the certification of Gabon’s mining and industrial sites in June, all of Eramet’s mining and metallurgical sites are now ISO 50001 certified, attesting to the implementation of effective energy management.

The Group has also developed contributive programmes with local communities located near its operations:

  • In Senegal, the first half-year was marked by the commissioning of an 8 km pipeline extension, now enabling access to water for 7 districts of the town of Mékhé,

  • In Argentina, a programme to improve farming conditions at high altitudes was started with local farmers, as well as the installation of solar heaters on top of houses to provide access to water in winter for nearly 25 families in the village of Santa Rosa de los Pastos Grandes,

  • In Gabon, works to improve infrastructures and support education continue in the neighbouring towns of the Moanda mine. The first half-year achievements notably include the completion of works to renovate public lighting in Bakoumba and to build drilling sites and standpipes in five neighbouring towns, as well as the launch of a new training programme for digital professions in the new FabLab in Moanda, inaugurated in the spring. These works address the priorities identified with all local stakeholders and are financed by the two CSR funds created in 2021 with the Gabonese state,

  • In New Caledonia, an agreement signed by SLN in February 2022 with the government provides that CSR efforts are increased and regularly shared site by site with all institutions. Through its partnerships with municipal authorities and provinces, SLN aims for positive impacts contributing to the territorial rebalancing, particularly between the municipalities on the East and West coasts.

In addition, the Group pays particular attention to the rehabilitation of sites and the preservation of biodiversity, with a commitment to a ratio above 1 between rehabilitated areas and cleared areas for the 2019-2023 period. It amounted to 0.98 in H1 2022, a significant improvement on H1 2021 (0.71), and to 1.09 for the 2019-H1 2022 period. To help nature regenerate by preserving biodiversity, local plant nurseries have been developed at each mining location, accompanied by the implementation of effective revegetation methods.

In terms of extra-financial performance, the Group was awarded a score of 73/100 by EcoVadis in respect of 2022. Eramet thus retains the Gold level and remains ranked among the top 3% of companies in the sector.

Lastly, in preparation for its adhesion to the Initiative for Responsible Mining Assurance (IRMA), the international standard for responsible mining, a self-assessment mission was conducted in June at the Lithium project site in Argentina. The results of this mission confirmed the teams’ appropriation of the process, as well as a current level of performance with regard to the 400 criteria of the reference system which validates progress towards the next stage of an external audit, necessary for obtaining IRMA certification.

  • Eramet2 group key figures

(Millions of euros)1

H1 20222

H1 2021
Restated2

Chg. (€m)

Chg.3 (%)

Turnover

2,635

1,471

1,164

+79%

EBITDA

982

301

681

+226%

Current operating income (COI)

853

175

677

+386%

Net income from continuing operations

783

123

660

+537%

Net income from discontinued operations

(13)

(53)

39

n.a.

Net income, Group share

677

53

624

n.a.

Group Free Cash-Flow

429

166

264

+159%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30/06/222

31/12/212

Chg. (€m)

Chg.3 (%)

Net debt

(748)

(936)

188

-20%

Shareholders' equity

2,155

1,335

820

+61%

Leverage (Net debt-to-EBITDA ratio)4

0.4

0.9

-0.5pts

n.a.

Gearing (Net debt-to-equity ratio)

35%

70%

-35pts

n.a.

Gearing within the meaning of bank covenants5

21%

51%

-30pts

n.a.

ROCE (COI/capital employed6 for previous year)

57%

30%

+27pts

n.a.

1 Data rounded to the nearest million.
2 Excluding Aubert & Duval, Sandouville and Erasteel which, in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, are presented as operations in the process of being sold in 2022 and 2021. See reconciliation tables in Appendix 1.
3 Data rounded to higher or lower %.
4 Calculated on a 12-month rolling basis at 30 June.
5 Net debt-to-equity ratio, excluding IFRS 16 impact and French state loan to SLN.
6 Total shareholders' equity, net debt, site restoration provisions, restructuring and other social risks, less long-term investments, excluding Weda Bay Nickel capital employed. At 30 June 2022, ROCE is calculated on a 12-month rolling basis.

N.B. 1: all the commented changes in H1 2022 are calculated with respect to H1 2021, unless otherwise specified.

N.B. 2: all the commented figures for H1 2022 and H1 2021 correspond to figures in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard as presented in the Group’s consolidated financial statements, unless otherwise specified.

N.B. 3: mentions of Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4 refer to the four quarters of the financial year

The Group’s turnover amounted to €2,635m in H1 2022, up very significantly by 79% (+67% at constant scope and exchange rates5, and +12% currency effect). This growth was driven by a particularly favourable price environment (notably for manganese alloys activity) as well as growth in volumes sold (particularly for manganese ore activity and nickel ore exports from New Caledonia).

Group EBITDA totalled €982m, very strongly increasing (more than tripling), in a context of slowdown in activity in China, mainly linked to the lockdowns.

This increase notably reflects a positive net impact of external factors (€729m):

  • A favourable price effect (+€844m), including +€439m for manganese alloys, +€187m for manganese ore and +€160m for nickel,

  • A positive currency effect (+€85m), factoring in a more favourable €/$ exchange rate (effective exchange rate at 1.13 vs. 1.23 in H1 2021),

  • Partly offset by a strong increase in input costs of (-€201m), mainly energy, reducing agents and freight.

Energy costs (notably electricity and fuel oil) continued to increase in H1, against the backdrop of the war in Ukraine. Sea freight prices, which had reached historically high levels in 2021 in a context of post-Covid logistics congestion, eased during the period versus H2 2021. However, they remained at historically high levels (spot price x 4 for containers and x 2.5 for bulk compared to the average of recent years).

Intrinsic performance benefitted from a favourable volume effect. Conversely, in order to support growth and factoring in inflation, the Group saw its operating costs increase. Overall, intrinsic performance was slightly negative at €37m.

Current operating income came to €853m, after booking a depreciation expense on fixed assets of -€130m.

Net loss for discontinued operations amounted to -€13m.

As a result, net income, Group share for H1 2022 was €677m, including the share of income in Weda Bay (+€147m).

Free Cash-Flow (“FCF”) amounted to €429m in the new scope of the Group. It included a €121m contribution from Weda Bay in addition to net proceeds from the sale of the Sandouville plant (€86m). The increase in prices and activity led to an increase in working capital requirement (WCR) of €324m over the period.

Capex disbursements accounted for €250m, excluding operations in the process of being sold (€21m in H1 2022). They include €118m in growth capex, notably in Gabon to support organic development in mining production and rail transport capacity (€101m), as well as €33m in investment linked to the lithium project, entirely financed by Tsingshan via a capital increase of the Argentine subsidiary. Current capex increased, amounting to €100m in H1 2022.

Net debt stood at €748m6 at 30 June 2022, a reduction of nearly €190m7 due to the Group’s strong cash generation, and factoring in a negative FCF of -€136m in discontinued operations (A&D and Erasteel), strongly affected by the increase in energy and raw material prices. The change in net debt also includes dividends paid to Eramet shareholders (-€72m) and Comilog minority shareholders (-€32m) in respect of the 2021 financial year.

The leverage ratio was 0.4x, the lowest level achieved by the Group for the last five years.

The Group’s liquidity increased to €2.2bn at 30 June 2022. Eramet refinanced the Revolving Credit Facility (“RCF”) in June. The maturity is five years with two successive 1-year upfront extension options (June 2023 and June 2024), potentially leading to June 2029. The agreement also includes an incentive scheme for achieving two of the Group’s main CSR indicators.

  • Key figures by activity2

(Millions of euros)1

H1 20222

H1 2021
Restated2

Change (€m)

Change3 (%)

CONTINUING OPERATIONS

Manganese BU

Turnover

1,647

887

760

+86%

 

EBITDA

831

280

551

+197%

Manganese ore activity4.5

Turnover

747

432

315

+73%

 

EBITDA

343

151

192

+127%

Manganese alloys activity4

Turnover

901

455

446

+98%

 

EBITDA

488

128

360

+281%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nickel BU

Turnover

762

438

323

+74%

 

EBITDA

118

24

94

+395%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mineral Sands BU

Turnover

224

138

86

+62%

 

EBITDA

97

47

50

+107%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lithium BU

Turnover

0

0

0

n.a.

 

EBITDA

(8)

(2)

(6)

n.a.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Mining and Metals operations

Turnover

2,633

1,464

1,169

+80%

 

EBITDA

1,038

348

689

+198%

 

 

DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

Aubert & Duval

Turnover

278

244

34

+14%

 

EBITDA

(30)

(15)

(15)

n.a.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Erasteel

Turnover

138

86

52

+61%

 

EBITDA

12

3

9

+300%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sandouville

Turnover

11

77

(66)

-85%

 

EBITDA

(2)

(14)

11

n.a.

1 Data rounded to the nearest million.
2 Excluding Aubert & Duval, Sandouville and Erasteel which, in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, are presented as operations in the process of being sold in 2022 and 2021. See reconciliation tables in Appendix 1.
3 Data rounded to higher or lower %.
4 See Financial glossary in Appendix 8.
5 Turnover linked to external sales of manganese ore only, including €41m linked to Setrag transport activity other than Comilog's ore (stable vs. H1 2021).

  • Continuing operations

Manganese BU

In H1 2022, in Gabon, Moanda confirmed its status as the world’s leading high-grade manganese mine with a positioning in the first quartile of the cash cost curve. Volumes produced increased by 17% to 3.6 Mt.

The Manganese BU posted strong growth in turnover to €1.6bn (+86%) and EBITDA which almost tripled, to more than €800m.

EBITDA for the manganese alloys activity was up very significantly to €488m (c. x4), driven by the strong increase in selling prices, and this despite a slight decline in volumes sold (- 4%) and a less favourable product mix.

EBITDA for the manganese ore activity also increased to €343m8 (x2), reflecting the growth in ore volumes sold externally (+17%) in a favourable price environment.

Market trends & prices

Global production of carbon steel, the main end-product for manganese, reached 967 Mt9 in H1 2022, down by nearly 5%9. This decrease mainly reflects the decline in production in China (54% of the global total) of 6.2%9. The decline in the rest of the world was less marked (-2.5%9): production in North America and Europe was down by 2.0%9 and 4.1%9 respectively. Only production in India was up, by 8.5%9.

In this context, manganese ore consumption fell by more than 3%9 to 10.7 Mt9, while global ore supply remained almost stable (-0.1%9) at 10.3 Mt9. The increase in production in Gabon and South Africa offset the decline, resulting from operating difficulties, in production in the rest of the world, particularly in Australia and Brazil – two of the main high-grade ore producing countries. The supply/demand balance remained in deficit in H1 2022 with Chinese port ore inventories ending at 5.2 Mt9, down slightly versus end-2021, representing approximately 9 weeks’ consumption.

The average CIF China 44% manganese ore price index stood at $6.8/dmtu10 in H1 2022, up +34%10 on H1 2021 ($5.1/dmtu). It reached a high of $8/dmtu in April. In a context of rising energy costs and a relative shortage of supply, the price differential between high-grade ore (44%), which is coveted for its better energy performance, and lower grade South African ore (37%) thus substantially increased over the period. These price levels are, however, largely resulting from high freight costs in the half-year.

Manganese alloys prices remained at high levels during the period. The price index (CRU) for refined alloys in Europe (MC Ferromanganese) ended at €3,254/t in H1 2022 (+73%10) and that of standard alloys (silicomanganese) ended at €1,739/t (+46%10). These half-year indices do not, however, reflect the decline in prices initiated in Q2 2022 and which will be invoiced in Q3 2022. Indeed, faced with uncertainty weighing on future demand, steelmakers began a destocking process at end-Q2 and reduced their contractual commitments to volume floor levels, in order to increase their purchasing flexibility at spot prices. As a result, invoiced prices on average in Q3 2022 should be largely de-correlated from Q2 2022 average price index levels by posting significant discounts, particularly for refined alloys (mainly used for steel in the automotive industry).

Activities

In Gabon, thanks to the mine expansion programme combined with continuous operational improvements, manganese ore production strongly increased to nearly 3.6 Mt in H1 2022 (+17%). The improvement in Setrag’s logistical performance enabled the transportation of nearly 3.4 Mt in ore (+16%) compared to H1 2021, impacted by incidents on the railway line. External sale volumes amounted to 2.9 Mt (+17%).

The FOB cash cost11 of manganese ore activity was $2.22/dmtu, a slight decrease versus H1 2021. Favourable effects linked to growth in volumes and currency were partly offset by an increase in sales taxes12 as well as fixed costs to support the ramp-up in production.

A solution for the transport of manganese ore by larger vessels was deployed at the beginning of the year, with the loading of 6 Capesize vessels in H1 2022. This solution, which incurred implementation costs in H1 2022, should contribute to significantly reducing sea transport costs for manganese ore over the year.

Manganese alloys production totalled 381 kt in H1 2022 (+4%). Sales were down 4% to 342 kt, reflecting customer destocking in a context of falling demand and high prices. The mix, which was favourable to refined products in Q1 2022, reversed in Q2 2022 due to the deficit in supply of standard alloys in Europe linked to the war in Ukraine and lower demand for refined alloys.

The manganese alloys margin improved in H1 2022. It has, however, started to decline in Q2 compared to Q1, driven by the stability of selling prices, combined with the continued increase in input costs, notably metallurgical coke (which spot price13 is up on average c. 80% vs. H1 2021 and 40% vs. FY 2021), and a less favourable mix (more standard alloys).

Outlook

Global carbon steel production is expected to slightly decline in 2022, normalising after an exceptional 2021, notably owing to the decline in production in China, due to the economic slowdown, and macroeconomic uncertainties in the rest of the world. Only India and Vietnam are expected to post growth.

Demand for manganese alloys is expected to decrease, notably in Europe, while uncertainties in the automotive market should continue to weigh on demand for refined manganese alloys. The alloys market should thus shift to surplus in H2 2022, pushing prices down. Adjustments in supply are to be expected in the months ahead.

Factoring in the trend reversal expected for prices and the continued increase in the cost of inputs and manganese ore consumed14, the manganese alloys margin should significantly deteriorate in H2 versus H1. Manganese alloys production could thus be adjusted down in H2, with a less favourable mix.

The manganese ore market is also expected to shift to slight surplus with the expected decline in demand. Prices are expected to adjust slightly in the months ahead. The ore production target is maintained at 7.5 Mt in 2022, an increase of 7% from 2021.

Nickel BU

Nickel BU turnover increased to reach €762m in H1 2022, of which €604m for SLN15 and €158m linked to the trading activity of nickel ferroalloys produced at Weda Bay (off-take contract).

The BU’s EBITDA increased very significantly to €118m (x5 vs. H1 2021), mainly reflecting the increase in prices over the period, combined with a favourable €/$ currency effect, albeit partly offset by the strong increase in energy and freight costs.

The contribution of Weda Bay activity to Group FCF was very significant in H1 2022, at €121m. The joint venture achieved an excellent operational performance, notably reflecting growth in the volumes of ore sold, in a favourable price environment, partly offset by the increase in input costs (energy in particular).

Market trends & prices

Global stainless steel production, which is the main end-market for nickel, was down by more than 3.5% to 28.2 Mt16 in H1 2022. This slowdown is attributable to the decline in production in China (- 6.8%16). The rest of global production, however, continued to increase (+0.9%16), notably driven by Indonesia (+5.6%16).

Global demand for primary nickel also increased by more than 3%16 to 1.4 Mt16, driven by strong growth in the batteries sector (+29.4%16), while demand for primary nickel in stainless steel was down slightly (-0.8%16).

In parallel, global primary nickel production grew by more than 14.5%16, reaching 1.5 Mt16. The decline in Chinese NPI17 volumes (-10.5%16) was thus more than offset by the increase in NPI supply in Indonesia (+25.5%16), as well as the growth in volumes from traditional producers (+4.4%16).

The nickel supply/demand balance (class I and II18) was thus in slight surplus in H1 2022 (+79 kt16). Conversely, nickel inventories at the LME19 and SHFE19 (class I only), very strongly decreased compared to end-2021, due to sustained demand for batteries. At end-June, these inventories totalled 69 kt, representing only approximately 3 weeks’ consumption20 (vs. 4 weeks at end-2021).

In H1 2022, the LME price average, which represents the price of pure nickel metal (class I nickel), was $27,575/t, up very significantly compared to H1 2021 (+58%) and H2 2022 (+42%). In mid-July, prices fell back below $20,000/t, more in line with market fundamentals.

The spot price of ferronickel as sold by SLN (class II nickel) increased by 47% compared to H1 2021, thus showing a discount versus the LME. Factoring in the slowdown in stainless steel markets, the price of ferronickel for the rest of the year is expected to be set at a level very significantly below the LME and approaching prices for NPI (also class II nickel). To date, the latter amounts to approximately $17,000/t21.

1.8% CIF China nickel ore prices continued to evolve at high levels, recording an average increase of +31% to $125/wmt22 in H1 2022, albeit with a discount for lower grade ores. The nickel ore market remained tight during the period, due to reduced ore supply, notably from New Caledonia and the Philippines, due to bad weather conditions and longer-than-usual rainfall seasons. This increase in prices, however, continued to be largely offset by the high levels of freight costs.

In Indonesia, the official domestic price index for nickel ore (“HPM Nickel”) averaged approximately $56/wmt in H1 2022, for nickel ore with 1.8% nickel content and 35% moisture content. Indonesian prices are set according to domestic market conditions, but with a monthly price floor based on the LME, in compliance with a government regulation published in April 2020.

Activities

In Indonesia, mine operations enabled the production of nearly 8.1 Mwmt23 of marketable nickel ore in H1 2022, up more than 33%. External ore sales volumes amounted to more than 7.5 Mwmt23, up 79% versus H1 2021.

Parallel to this, the nickel ferroalloys plant, which is supplied by the mine, produced 19.6 kt-Ni23 over the half-year. The volumes sold by Eramet as part of the off-take contract accounted for 8.5 kt-Ni.

Weda Bay’s contribution to Group FCF over the period totalled €121m, of which €107m linked to the payment of dividends and the repayment of a shareholder loan.

In New Caledonia, SLN mining production amounted to 2.4 Mwmt, up 6% versus H1 2021 despite the very bad weather conditions (with a rainfall volume nearly 50% higher than the average of the last 6 years and a 13% increase in the number of days of rain versus H1 2021) and operating difficulties on some of the mines. Low-grade nickel ore exports increased 31% to nearly 1.5 Mwmt. Ferronickel production increased (+10% to 20.4 kt-Ni), as well as sold volumes (+6% to 20 kt-Ni). The operation of the Doniambo plant was, however, strongly disrupted by ongoing power supply difficulties.

Cash cost24 amounted to $8.06/lb on average in H1 2022, reflecting the increase in input costs, mainly energy, coal (which price more than tripled) and freight (increase of approximately 43% for nickel ore), while partly being offset by currency impacts and favourable ore prices.

SLN's debt stood at €427m at 30 June, with Free Cash-Flow at break-even in H1.

Outlook

In Q3 2022, demand for nickel in the stainless steel sector should continue to be slowed by the increase in raw material prices as well as macroeconomic uncertainties at the global level.

In H2 2022, global primary nickel production is expected to continue growing, still largely supported by the development of Indonesian production (NPI, matte and HPAL25).

At Weda Bay in Indonesia, nickel ferroalloys production is confirmed at nearly 40 kt-Ni for the year. The marketable mine production target remains at approximately 15 Mwmt in 202226.

In New Caledonia, following in particular the difficulties in supply from the New Caledonian electricity grid which persist and will not be resolved before the arrival of the Temporary Offshore Power Plant scheduled for early September, targets were revised down to more than 40 kt-Ni in ferronickel production from the Doniambo plant in 2022 and to more than 3.5 Mwmt for nickel ore exports.

Battery-grade nickel and cobalt production project

As part of the Group’s strategic roadmap, notably aimed at developing production of critical metals for the energy transition and at positioning itself as a key European player in the electric vehicle battery value chain, Eramet continues, in partnership with BASF, project studies related to the hydrometallurgical project to produce battery-grade nickel and cobalt using laterite ore extracted from the Weda Bay mine in Indonesia.

The hydrometallurgical complex, located near the mine, would include a HPAL25 unit. Targeted production would amount to some 67 kt-Ni and 7 kt-Co per year (in MHP27 content), revised upwards compared to initial estimates.

The proposed project would be 51% owned by Eramet and 49% owned by BASF.

An investment decision is potentially expected end-2022 or early 2023. In this case, the project could start production in early 2026.

Mineral Sands BU

The Mineral Sands BU reported turnover up to €224m. EBITDA more than doubled to €97m, reflecting the very good operational performance as well as a favourable price environment, partially offset by the increase in the cost of energy and reducing agents.

Market trends & prices

Global demand for zircon remained strong throughout H1 2022, driven by the ceramics sector (approximately 50% of the end-product). Parallel to this, zircon production also slightly increased, without being able to meet the demand.

Zircon market prices ended at $2,085/t FOB28 in H1 2022, up 56%, in a context of strong tensions on supply.

Global demand for TiO2 pigments29, the main end-market for titanium-based products30, grew more slowly than expected over the period as a result of the war in Ukraine and the health situation in China. Supply continued to increase, without being able to fully meet the demand for TiO2 pigments.

The selling price for CP titanium dioxide slag (“CP slag”), as produced by TiZir in Norway and based on quarterly contracts signed at end-March 2022, remained at very high levels. It thus increased by 13% to approximately $850/t31 in H1 2022.

Activities

In Senegal, mineral sands production continued to increase in H1 2022, reaching 386 kt (+7%), thanks to a higher average content in the area mined compared to H1 2021.

Zircon production was up 7% to 30 kt, while sales volumes grew by 3%, reaching 31 kt.

In Norway, titanium slag production amounted to 100 kt in H1 2022, down 3%, owing to maintenance operations in May. Sales volumes declined by 19% to 92 kt, due to an extremely low level of inventories at end-2021.

During the half-year, input costs for the TTI plant continued to increase strongly (notably thermal coal, which spot price more than tripled on average over the period compared to H1 2021, and more than doubled vs. 202132) but are expected to be fully offset by the increase in selling prices in H2.

Outlook

Zircon consumption could slow down in H2, but demand should continue to increase slightly on a full-year basis. The market is expected to remain in deficit of supply, which should maintain prices at high levels.

Demand for the pigments market in China could also slow down in H2, but demand for titanium-based products is expected to remain up for the full year. With Ukrainian supply substantially reduced, the market should remain in deficit in 2022, enabling prices to be sustained.

In 2022, the annual production volume for mineral sands is expected to be in excess of 750 kt, factoring in the expected decline in average content in the area mined of the deposit, started in May and continuing through H2.

Moreover, having obtained the environmental permit for expansion from the Senegalese authorities in early July, the organic growth programme for mineral sands through dry processing is expected to start in early Q4. It aims to increase mining capacity by approximately 10% by end-2024 with limited investment of around €30m.

Lithium BU

Lithium carbonate prices continued to strongly increase in H1 2022, in a context of very significant growth in demand for this critical metal for the energy transition. They now amount to more than $70,000/t33.

The construction of the lithium plant started in Argentina in Q2. The amount of investments made during the period was €33m, entirely financed by a capital increase by Tsingshan.

Factoring in the continued increase in material and freight prices, the overall amount of capex for the project was revalued to €150m. In line with the agreement signed in November, this additional capex will be 50.1% financed by Eramet and 49.9% by Tsingshan. Factoring in the long-term price trend, the very high Internal Rate of Return (IRR) is confirmed.

  • Discontinued Operations

In accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, the Aubert & Duval, Erasteel and Sandouville entities are presented in the Group’s consolidated financial statements as operations in the process of being sold for the 2021 and 2022 financial years:

  • The sale of the Sandouville plant to Sibanye-Stillwater was closed in early February, for a net sale price of €86m,

  • The Share Purchase Agreement for Aubert & Duval was signed in June with a consortium formed by Airbus, Safran and Tikehau ACE Capital; the operation should be completed by the end of the year, subject to the waiver of certain conditions precedent, including the obtaining of regulatory approvals34,

  • With regards to the sale project of Erasteel, the Group is expecting to launch an auction process in the coming weeks.

Aubert & Duval

After a historic decline in traffic over the last two years, the global aerospace sector, which represents approximately 60% of A&D turnover, confirmed the gradual recovery engaged since mid-2021, essentially driven by regional and medium-haul flights. As a result, orders for single-aisle aircraft parts – a market to which A&D is less exposed – picked up since the start of the year, in line with the acceleration in production rates expected by aircraft manufacturers. The market, however, must face increasing tensions in the supply chain (raw materials and electronics components) against a background of high inflation, steep rise in energy costs and labour shortages.

A&D35 turnover ended at €278m36 in H1 2022, up 14%, including a 21% increase in sales for the aerospace sector which posted €174m. Energy and Defence sales declined slightly (-9%) to €66m.

It should be noted, however, that deliveries remained disrupted in H1 2022 by bottlenecks at the end of flows and at the control stage, notably due to labour shortages. A specific action plan has been put in place.

Activity was strongly affected by the very strong increases in electricity (which cost tripled on average in H1) and raw material prices with an impact on both EBITDA and FCF, in the absence of an automatic pass-through in commercial contracts.

Negative EBITDA thus totalled -€30m36, despite the growth in volumes.

In the first half of the year, the subsidiary's cash consumption amounted to €107m36, notably factoring in the high level of raw material purchases made in response to the increase in the order book, the price of energy and the price of raw materials (net impact of €37m in H1). It also includes €38m of disbursements related to the clearance of Quality applications and to the restructuring plan, as part of the contract for the sale of the subsidiary.

Cost inflation and labour shortage should continue to weigh on activity in H2 2022.

Erasteel

Erasteel’s turnover increased 61% versus H1 2021, totalling €138m36 in H1 2022.

This growth reflects the strategy to win market share in new regions and new applications, as well as the very good sales momentum in Q1, driven by the increase in the number of new automotive platforms (notably EV), and the strong acceleration of its other underlying markets (aerospace, electronics).

Sales were also driven by the positive impact of reinvoicing raw material and energy price increases to customers. Recycling activity continued its ramp-up (+30% to €12m).

EBITDA thus quadrupled compared to H1 2021, ending at €12m36.

The increase in working capital requirement (WCR), resulting from very strong growth in material prices, led to cash consumption of €20m over the period. This trend is expected to reverse in H2 2022.

  • Outlook

In a climate of geopolitical and macroeconomic uncertainties, signs of a slowdown are observed in all of the Group's markets: fears of recession in Europe and the United States, high inflation, and a slow recovery in China following the lifting of Covid-related restrictions.

As a result, a weakening demand is expected, to a greater or lesser extent depending on markets and regions, as well as the continued price adjustment already started in Q2 for certain commodities. The level of uncertainty is also rising in terms of supply’s ability to continue its growth or to withstand the strong increase in energy costs.

Against this background, the capex target for the year is revised slightly down to €500m in 2022, including the operations in the process of being sold, yet excluding the lithium project financed by Tsingshan. On the one hand, this capital expenditure includes approximately €250m in current capex and, on the other, organic growth capex including approximately €200m intended to support and sustain growth in Gabon.

Production volume targets confirmed, except SLN:

  • 7.5 Mt of manganese ore production in Gabon,

  • Approximately 15 Mwmt of marketable nickel ore production in Indonesia37.

Nickel ore exports in New Caledonia are revised to more than 3.5 Mwmt for the year.

Factoring in these targets and a favourable seasonality, intrinsic performance of activities will have a positive impact on EBITDA in H2 and over the year.

Prices are expected to decline in H2, with:

  • A significant trend reversal in manganese alloys invoiced selling prices, as expected; they should however remain above 2021 on average for the year,

  • Consensus38 for average manganese ore prices at $6.4/dmtu for the year ($6/dmtu in H2) and LME nickel prices at $25,600/t ($24,500/t in H2); ferronickel price should be at a level well below the LME nickel price.

Input costs should remain at high levels.

All external factors should thus lead to a strongly negative impact on EBITDA in H2.

The estimated effective €/$ exchange rate is 1.09 for 2022.

In an inflationary context that remains uncertain, and based on the consensus of the abovementioned prices, forecast EBITDA is revised up to around €1.6bn in 2022.

Calendar

28.07.2022: Presentation of 2022 half-year results

A live Internet webcast of the 2022 half-year results presentation will take place on Thursday 28 July 2022 at 10:30 a.m. (Paris time), on our website: www.eramet.com. Presentation material will be available at the time of the webcast.

27.10.2022: Publication of 2022 third-quarter turnover

ABOUT ERAMET

Eramet transforms the Earth’s mineral resources to provide sustainable and responsible solutions to the growth of the industry and to the challenges of the energy transition.

Its employees are committed to this through their civic and contributory approach in all the countries where the mining and metallurgical group is present.

Manganese, nickel, mineral sands, lithium, and cobalt: Eramet recovers and develops metals that are essential to the construction of a more sustainable world.

As a privileged partner of its industrial clients, the Group contributes to making robust and resistant infrastructures and constructions, more efficient means of mobility, safer health tools and more efficient telecommunications devices.

Fully committed to the era of metals, Eramet’s ambition is to become a reference for the responsible transformation of the Earth’s mineral resources for living well together.

www.eramet.com

INVESTOR CONTACT

Director of Investor Relations

Sandrine Nourry-Dabi

T. +33 1 45 38 37 02

sandrine.nourrydabi@eramet.com

 

 

PRESS CONTACT

Communications Director

Pauline Briand

pauline.briand@eramet.com

 

Image 7

Marie Artzner

T. +33 1 53 70 74 31 | M. +33 6 75 74 31 73

martzner@image7.fr


APPENDICES

Appendix 1: Reconciliation tables

H1 2022 reported reconciliation table before IFRS 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

 

H1

 

Aubert & Duval CGU

Erasteel CGU

 

Sandouville CGU

Restatements
and eliminations

Total

 

1er semestre

 

 

2022

 

 

 

Operations sold/

 

2022

 

 

Before IFRS 5
treatment

 

 

 

 

held for sale

 

Publié

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

3 063

 

278

138

11

 

427

 

2 635

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current operating income

 

843

 

(36)

11

(2)

17

(10)

 

853

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

845

 

(14)

(21)

13

18

(4)

 

850

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

Net income from operations sold/held for sale

 

 

 

(18)

(27)

13

19

(13)

 

(13)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H1 2021 reported restated reconciliation table

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

 

H1

 

Aubert & Duval CGU

Erasteel CGU

Sandouville CGU

Restatements
and eliminations

Total

 

1er semestre

 

 

2021

 

 

 

 

Operations sold/

 

2021

 

 

Published

 

 

 

 

 

held for sale

 

Retraité

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

1 878

 

244

86

77

 

407

 

1 471

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current operating income

 

159

 

(21)

2

(14)

18

(15)

 

175

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

132

 

(50)

6

(14)

18

(40)

 

174

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income from operations sold or held for sale

 

 

 

(62)

5

(19)

23

(53)

 

(53)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix 2: Quarterly turnover (IFRS 5)

€ million1

Q2 2022

Q1 2022

Q4 2021

Q3 2021

Q2 2021

Q1 2021

Manganese BU

926

722

782

598

498

389

Manganese ore activity2

439

308

329

304

242

189

Manganese alloys activity2

487

414

453

294

256

200

Nickel BU3

409

352

348

260

237

201

Mineral Sands BU

134

90

118

93

82

56

Lithium BU

0

0

0

0

0

0

Holding, elim. & others

1

1

-2

1

4

3

Eramet group
published IFRS 5 financial4statements4

1,470

1,165

1,246

951

821

650

1 Data rounded to the nearest million.
2 See Financial glossary in Appendix 8.
3 Nickel BU excluding Sandouville (discontinued operation).
4 Excluding Aubert & Duval, Sandouville and Erasteel which, in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, are presented as operations in the process of being sold in 2022 and 2021. See reconciliation tables in Appendix 1.

Appendix 2b: Reconciliation of quarterly turnover

€ million1

Q2 2022

Q1 2022

Q4 2021

Q3 2021

Q2 2021

Q1 2021

Eramet group
published IFRS 5 financial statements2

1,470

1,165

1,246

951

821

650

Aubert & Duval

137

141

142

107

131

113

Erasteel

74

64

55

44

47

39

Sandouville

0

11

36

40

41

36

Eramet group before IFRS 5

1,682

1,381

1,479

1,142

1,040

838

1 Data rounded to the nearest million.
2 Excluding Aubert & Duval, Sandouville and Erasteel which, in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, are presented as operations in the process of being sold in 2022 and 2021 See reconciliation tables in Appendix 1.

Appendix 3: Productions and shipments

In thousands of tonnes

Q2 2022

Q1 2022

Q4 2021

Q3 2021

Q2 2021

Q1 2021

H1 2022

H1 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

MANGANESE BU

Manganese ore and sinter production

1,862

1,762

1,964

1,951

1,597

1,512

3,624

3,109

Manganese ore and sinter transportation

1,765

1,620

1,793

1,832

1,542

1,377

3,385

2,919

External manganese ore sales

1,535

1,409

1,637

1,602

1,314

1,212

2,944

2,526

Manganese alloys production

193

188

191

189

173

194

381

367

Manganese alloys sales

186

156

201

158

183

174

342

357

 

 

 

 

 

 

NICKEL BU

Nickel ore production (in thousands of wet tonnes)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SLN

1,290

1,154

1,392

1,682

1,254

1,050

2,444

2,304

Weda Bay Nickel (100%) – marketable production1

3,552

4,563

605

3,193

3,486

2,615

8,115

6,101



Ferronickel production – SLN



10.5



9.9



10.1



10.4



8.5



10.0



20.4



18.5



Low-grade nickel ferroalloys production – Weda Bay Nickel (kt of Ni content – 100%)

9.6

10.0

9.5

9.4

10.0

10.1

19.6

20.1



Nickel ore sales
(in thousands of wet tonnes)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SLN

830

632

957

875

684

433

1,462

1,117

Weda Bay Nickel (100%)

3,576

3,875

0

2,386

2,967

1,205

7,451

4,172



Ferronickel sales – SLN



10.8



9.2



10.6



9.8



10.0



8.8



20.0



18.8



Low-grade nickel ferroalloy sales – Weda Bay Nickel/Off-take Eramet (kt of Ni content)

4.2

4.3

4.3

3.0

4.1

4.3

8.5

8.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

MINERAL SANDS BU

Mineral Sands production

188

198

238

204

191

171

386

362

Zircon production

15

15

19

17

15

13

30

28

Titanium dioxide slag production

48

52

54

52

55

48

100

103

Zircon sales

16

15

16

17

16

14

31

30

Titanium dioxide slag sales

52

40

62

45

71

42

92

113

1 The Q1 to Q3 2021 figures presented in the above table do not include 1,705 kwmt of limonites, which is non-recoverable under current conditions, and which had been reported in the Group's turnover press release at end-Q3 2021

Appendix 4: Price and index

 

H1 2022

H2 2021

H1 2021

Chg. H1 2022 – H1 20216

Chg. H1 2022 – H2 20216

 

 

 

 

 

 

MANGANESE BU

 

 

 

 

 

Mn CIF China 44% ($/dmtu)1

6.79

5.49

5.06

+34%

+24%

Ferromanganese MC – Europe (€/t)1

3,254

2,996

1,886

+73%

+9%

Silicomanganese – Europe (€/t)1

1,739

1,607

1,191

+46%

+8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

NICKEL BU

 

 

 

 

 

Ni LME ($/lb)2

12.51

8.83

7.93

+58%

+42%

Ni LME ($/t)2

27,575

19,472

17,485

+58%

+42%

Ni ore CIF China 1.8% ($/wmt)3

124.8

115.4

95.4

+31%

+8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

MINERAL SANDS BU

 

 

 

 

 

Zircon ($/t)4

2,085

1,655

1,338

+56%

+26%

CP-grade titanium dioxide ($/t)5

850

810

753

+13%

+5%

1 Quarterly average for market prices, Eramet calculations and analysis.
2 LME (London Metal Exchange) prices.
3 CNFEOL (China FerroAlloy Online), “Other mining countries”.
4 TZMI, Eramet analysis (premium zircon).
5 Market analysis, Eramet analysis.
6 Eramet calculation (based on CRU monthly price index for manganese ore and alloys only), rounded to the nearest decimal.

Appendix 5: Half-year performance indicators of continuing operations (IFRS 5)

€ million1

H1 20222

H1 2021 Restated2

2021
Restated2

H1 Change (€m)

H1 Change3 (%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manganese BU

Turnover

1,647

887

2,267

760

+86%

 

EBITDA

831

280

910

551

+197%

 

COI4

765

219

769

546

+249%

 

FCF

395

157

490

239

+152%

Manganese
ore activity5

Turnover

747

432

1,063

315

+73%

 

EBITDA

343

151

387

192

+127%

 

FCF

71

65

126

6

+9%

Manganese
alloys activity5

Turnover

901

455

1,204

446

+98%

 

EBITDA

488

128

522

360

+281%

 

FCF

324

92

364

232

+252%

Nickel BU

Turnover

762

438

1,046

323

+74%

 

EBITDA

118

24

113

94

+395%

 

COI

78

(16)

37

94

n.a.

 

FCF

99

22

111

77

+346%

Mineral
Sands BU

Turnover

224

138

349

86

+62%

 

EBITDA

97

47

137

50

+107%

 

COI

76

25

94

51

+201%

 

FCF

4

51

108

(47)

-92%

Lithium BU

Turnover

0

0

0

0

n.a.

 

EBITDA

(8)

(2)

(5)

(6)

n.a.

 

COI

(8)

(2)

(5)

(6)

n.a.

 

FCF

(64)

(13)

(24)

(51)

n.a.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Holding, elim.

Turnover

2

7

6

(5)

-71%

and others

EBITDA

(55)

(47)

(103)

(8)

n.a.

 

COI

(58)

(52)

(112)

-7

n.a.

 

FCF

(5)

(51)

(159)

46

n.a.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GROUP total

Turnover

2,635

1,471

3,668

1,164

+79%

(IFRS5)3

EBITDA

982

301

1,051

681

+226%

 

COI

853

175

784

677

+386%

 

FCF

429

166

526

264

+159%

1 Data rounded to the nearest million.
2 Excluding Aubert & Duval, Sandouville and Erasteel which, in accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, are presented as operations in the process of being sold in 2022 and 2021 See reconciliation tables in Appendix 1.
3 Data rounded to higher or lower %.
4 Current operating income.
5 See Financial glossary in Appendix 8.
Appendix 5b: Half-year performance indicators of operations in the process of being sold (IFRS 5)

€ million1

H1 2022

H1 2021
Restated

2021
Restated

Change (€m)

Change2 (%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aubert & Duval

Turnover

278

244

493

34

+14%

 

EBITDA

(30)

(15)

(44)

(15)

n.a.

 

COI4

(36)

(21)

(57)

(15)

n.a.

 

FCF

(107)

(51)

(124)

(55)

n.a.

Erasteel

Turnover

138

86

184

52

+61%

 

EBITDA

12

3

13

9

+300%

 

COI

11

2

12

9

+366%

 

FCF

(20)

(9)

(11)

(12)

n.a.

Sandouville

Turnover

11

77

154

(66)

-85%

 

EBITDA

(2)

(14)

(27)

11

n.a.

 

COI

(2)

(14)

(27)

13

n.a.

 

FCF

3

(15)

(48)

17

n.a.

1 Data rounded to the nearest million.
2 Data rounded to higher or lower %.

Appendix 6: Sensitivities of Group EBITDA

Sensitivities

Change

Impact on EBITDA

Manganese ore prices
(CIF China 44%)

+$1/dmtu

c. €250m1

Manganese alloys prices

+$100/t

c. €70m1

Nickel prices (LME)

+$1/lb

c. €80m1

Nickel ore prices (CIF China 1.8%)

+$10/wmt

c. €35m1

Exchange rate

-$/€0.1

c. €265m

Oil price per barrel (Brent)

+$10/bbl

c. €(15)m1

1 For an exchange rate of $/€1.09.

Appendix 7: Performance indicators

Operational performance by division

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

Mining and metals

Holding company

Total

Erasteel

 

 

Total

 

Manganese

Nickel

Sand

Lithium

Eliminations,

from operations

and

Sandouville

Eliminations

from operations

 

 

 

Minerals

 

Restatements
and Other Entities

continuing

Aubert & Duval

 

and Restatements

continuing and held for sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H1 2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

1 647

762

224

-

2

2 635

416

11

 

3 063

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA

831

118

97

(8)

(55)

982

(18)

(2)

17

979

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current operating income

765

78

76

(8)

(58)

853

(25)

(2)

17

843

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow from operating activities

548

26

30

(31)

(85)

488

(92)

5

(11)

390

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Industrial investments (intangible assets and property, plant & equipment)

144

37

26

28

5

240

22

0

-

262

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H1 2021 Restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

887

438

138

-

7

1 471

330

77

 

1 878

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA

280

24

47

(2)

(47)

301

(12)

(14)

18

293

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current operating income

219

(16)

25

(2)

(52)

175

(18)

(14)

18

159

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow from operating activities

222

(17)

59

(11)

(59)

194

(45)

(13)

20

155

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Industrial investments (intangible assets and property, plant & equipment)

72

9

8

0

4

93

15

2

-

110

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial year 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

2 267

1 046

349

-

6

3 668

677

154

-

4 499

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA

910

113

137

(5)

(103)

1 051

(32)

(27)

38

1 031

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current operating income

769

37

94

(5)

(112)

784

(45)

(27)

38

751

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow from operating activities

728

39

129

(20)

(164)

713

(84)

(42)

58

644

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Industrial investments (intangible assets and property, plant & equipment)

244

35

21

5

7

312

46

6

-

364

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turnover and investments by region

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

France

Europe

North

China

Rest of

Oceania

Africa

South

Total

 

 

 

America

 

Asia

 

 

America

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue (destination of sales)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H1 2022

168

718

138

453

331

372

89

366

2 635

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H1 2021 restated

50

400

318

230

391

13

55

14

1 471

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial year 2021

253

966

657

604

985

57

115

31

3 668

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Industrial investments (intangible assets and property, plant & equipment)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H1 2022

6

15

4

-

-

37

150

28

240

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H1 2021 restated

3

18

1

-

-

9

61

0

93

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial year 2021

9

42

2

-

-

35

219

5

312

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated performance indicators – Income statement

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

H1

H1

Financial year

 

 

2022

2021

2021

 

 

 

Restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

2 635

1 471

3 668

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA

982

301

1 051

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation of fixed assets

(130)

(123)

(259)

 

Provisions for contingencies and losses

1

(3)

(8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current operating income

853

175

784

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impairment of assets

(2)

(0)

117

 

Other operating income and expenses

(1)

(1)

(22)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

850

174

879

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial profit (loss)

(56)

(71)

(111)

 

Share of income from associates

147

77

121

 

Income taxes

(158)

(57)

(98)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income from continuing operations

783

123

791

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income from operations held for sale(1)

(13)

(53)

(426)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income for the period

770

70

365

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- attributable to non-controlling interests

93

17

67

 

- Group share

677

53

298

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share (in euros)

23,54

1,98

10,42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Pursuant to IFRS 5 – "Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, the CGU of Sandouville, Erasteel and Aubert & Duval are presented as operations held for sale.

Consolidated performance indicators – Net financial debt flow table

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

H1

H1

Financial year

 

 

2022

2021

2021

 

 

 

Restated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EBITDA

982

300

1 051

 

Cash impact of items below EBITDA

(220)

(107)

(258)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flow from operations

762

193

793

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in WCR

(273)

1

(80)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow from continuing operations (A)

489

194

713

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Industrial investments

(240)

(93)

(312)

 

Other investment cash flows

180

65

125

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities of continuing operations (B)

(60)

(28)

(187)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities of continuing operations

(55)

(8)

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impact of fluctuations in exchange rates and others

(10)

(9)

(25)

 

Acquisition of IFRS 16 rights of use

(14)

(5)

(10)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in the net financial debt of continuing operations before flows from operations sold/held for sale

350

144

512

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow from continuing operations generated from operations sold or held for sale(4)

(161)

(58)

(114)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in net financial debt of continuing operations

189

86

398

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in net financial debt of operations sold/held for sale before flow from continuing operations

(138)

(57)

(125)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash flow from operations sold or held for sale generated from continuing operations(4)

161

58

114

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in net financial debt of operations sold or held for sale

23

1

(11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Increase)/Decrease in net financial debt

212

87

387

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opening (net financial debt) of continuing operations

(936)

(1 378)

(1 378)

 

Opening (net financial debt) of operation sold or held for sale

(54)

N/A

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

Closing (net financial debt) of continuing operations

(748)

(1 289)

(936)

 

(Net financial debt) of operations sold or held for sale

(30)

N/A

(54)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Free cash flow (A) + (B)

429

166

526

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) Pursuant to IFRS 5 – "Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, the CGU of Sandouville, Erasteel and Aubert & Duval are presented as operations held for sale.

(4) The amounts are essentially related to financing flows from operations sold/held for sale by the continuing operations

 

Consolidated performance indicators – Balance sheet

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

30 June

31 December

 

 

2022

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-current assets

3 313

3 083

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventories

723

577

 

Trade receivables

605

375

 

Trade payables

(456)

(403)

 

Simplified Working Capital

872

549

 

Other Working Capital items

(275)

(233)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Working Capital Requirement (WCR)

597

316

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives

43

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets held for sale(1)

671

651

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

4 624

4 050

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in millions of euros)

30 June

31 December

 

 

2022

2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity – Group share

1 729

1 012

 

Minority interests

426

323

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity

2 155

1 335

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents and other current financial assets

(1 239)

(1 176)

 

Borrowings

1 987

2 112

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net financial debt

748

936

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provisions and employee-related liabilities

900

899

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net deferred tax

200

184

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives

-

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities associated with assets held for sale(1)

621

685

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

4 624

4 050

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1) In accordance with IFRS 5 “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”, the assets and liabilities of the CGUs Aubert et Duval, Erasteel and Eramet Sandouville are presented in the consolidated balance sheet at 31 December 2021 as “assets held for sale”.

Appendix 8: Financial glossary

Consolidated performance indicators

The consolidated performance indicators used for the financial reporting of the Group’s results and economic performance and presented in this document are restated data from the Group’s reporting and are monitored by the Executive Committee.

Turnover at constant scope and exchange rates

Turnover at constant scope and exchange rates corresponds to turnover adjusted for the impact of the changes in scope and the fluctuations in the exchange rate from one financial year to the next.

The scope effect is calculated as follows: for the companies acquired during the financial year, by eliminating the turnover for the current period and for the companies acquired during the previous period by integrating, in the previous period, the full-year turnover; for the companies sold, by eliminating the turnover during the period considered and during the previous comparable period.

The exchange rate effect is calculated by applying the exchange rates of the previous financial year to the turnover for the financial year under review.

EBITDA (“Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation”)

Earnings before financial revenue and other operating expenses and income, income tax, contingencies and loss provision, and amortisation and impairment of property, plant and equipment and tangible and intangible assets.

Manganese ore activity

Manganese ore activity corresponds to Comilog's mining activities (excluding the activity of the Moanda Metallurgical Complex, “CMM”, which produces manganese alloys) and Setrag's transport activities.

Manganese alloys activity

Manganese alloys activity corresponds to the plants that transform manganese ore into manganese alloys. It includes the three Norwegian plants comprising Eramet Norway (“ENO”, i.e., Porsgrunn, Sauda, and Kvinesdal), Eramet Marietta (“EMI”) in the United States, Comilog Dunkerque (“CDK”) in France and the Moanda Metallurgical Complex (“CMM”) in Gabon.

Manganese ore FOB cash cost

The FOB (“Free On Board”) cash cost of manganese ore is defined as all production and overhead costs (R&D including exploration geology, administrative expenses, sales expenses, overland transport expenses), which cover all stages of ore extraction through to shipping to the port of shipment and loading, and which impact the EBITDA in the company's financial statements, over tonnage sold for a given period. This cash cost does not include sea transport or marketing costs. Conversely, it includes the mining taxes and royalties from which the Gabonese state benefits.

SLN’s cash cost

SLN’s cash cost is defined as all production and overhead costs (R&D including exploration geology, administrative expenses, logistical and commercial expenses), net of by-products credits (including exports and nickel ore) and local services, which cover all the stages of industrial development of the finished product until delivery to the end customer and which impact the EBITDA in the company’s financial statements, over tonnage sold.

1 In accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”. See reconciliation tables in Appendix 1
2 Consensus of main market analysts
3 Based on an effective exchange rate at $/€1.09
4 TRIR (total recordable injury rate) = number of lost time and recordable injury accidents for 1 million hours worked (employees and subcontractors)
5 See Financial glossary in Appendix 8
6 Includes €89m linked to the application of IFRS 16
7 Reduction in net debt of €213m, before application of the IFRS 5 standard
8 Includes €12m linked to Setrag transport activity other than Comilog’s ore (€21m in H1 2021)
9 Eramet estimates based on Worldsteel production data available until end-May 2022
10 Average for market prices, Eramet calculations and analysis; Manganese ore: CRU CIF China 44% spot price; Manganese alloys: CRU Western Europe spot price
11 See Financial glossary in Appendix 8. Cash cost calculated excluding sea transport and marketing costs (€160m in H1 2022 vs. €97m in H1 2021, mainly corresponding to the cost of sea transport)
12 Export duties and proportional mining royalties
13 Source: Resources-net CAMR, Nut coke spot price, Europe
14 Considering an average lag of 4 to 5 months between the entry of ore in inventories and the sale of alloys
15 SLN, ENI and others
16 Eramet estimates
17 Nickel Pig Iron
18 Class I: produced with a nickel content above or equal to 99%; Class II: produced with a nickel content below 99%
19 LME: London Metal Exchange; SHFE: Shanghai Futures Exchange
20 Including producers’ inventories
21 SMM NPI 8-12% index
22 Source: CNFEOL (China FerroAlloy Online)
23 On a 100% basis
24 See Financial glossary in Appendix 8
25 HPAL: High-Pressure Acid Leach 
26 Subject to finalisation of administrative approval for increase in production capacity
27 MHP: Mixed Hydroxyde Precipitate
28 Source Zircon premium (FOB prices): Eramet analysis
29 c.90% of titanium-based end-products
30 Titanium dioxide slag, ilmenite, leucoxene and rutile
31 Source CP slag (FOB prices): Market consulting, Eramet analysis
32 Source: Argus, thermal coal spot price, ARA, Europe
33 Source: Fastmarkets – Lithium Carbonate Battery-Grade Prices CIF Asia
34 Notably with regard to competition and market concentration; all documentation was submitted and is currently being reviewed
35 Aubert & Duval and others, excluding EHA
36 In accordance with the IFRS 5 standard – “Non-current assets held for sale and discontinued operations”
37 Subject to finalisation of administrative approval for increase in production capacity
38 Consensus of main market analysts

 

Attachment