This week's gathering of China's all-powerful Communist Party presents an opportunity for high-level cadres to examine their performances.
The Chinese government has been criticised recently for many things, including human rights abuses, internet censorship, and an unfair legal system.
Even its strongest suit, the economy, was looking a little shaky during the first half of the year.
For most of this year, China's economy has been slowing down and less steel production has meant less demand for Australian iron ore.
This country's largest trading partner is Europe, so naturally the crisis there hit Chinese exports pretty hard.
On top of that, the Chinese government put major restrictions on buying property in big cities to try and rein in prices.
But the economic outlook is looking brighter for Australia's major trading partner.
Inflation has hit an almost three-year low, exports are up, manufacturing sentiment is up and, despite the restrictions, real estate investment is also on the rise.
Many analysts think China has bottomed out and that growth is picking up again.
And it all seems to be turning around just in time for the new leadership to take control.
Zhang Ping, chairman of China's economic policy department, the National Development and Reform Commission, spoke to reporters at the Communist Party Congress.
"When we analysed the economic situation for the first half of the year, we used the words 'slow but steady'," he said.
"But when we released the economic data for September the comrades from the statistics bureau used a different word - 'rebound'." The Communist Party has an unspoken pact with the people of China - that it deserves to hang on to power as long as everyone's lives keep improving in a material sense.
And delegates to this week's Congress know they may be criticised for a lot of things but, on the economy, many believe they are doing a pretty good job.
When demand from Europe and the United States collapsed, policymakers tried to boost domestic demand by encouraging local consumption and, if the figures released over recent days are any indication, it seems to be working.
'Internal growth' Jing Ulrich is managing director and chairman of Global Markets China for JP Morgan.
"China can no longer count on external exports to drive economic growth," he said.
"All the growth we are seeing today, 7 per cent plus, is coming from internal sources." Mr Ulrich also says that as the Chinese economy expands, a 7 per cent GDP growth is worth much more than it used to be.
"Even though the growth rate has come down from about 10 per cent to 7.5 per cent, you have to remember the size of the GDP is so huge now," he said.
"This year, China's is $US8.5 trillion - the US economy is $US14 trillion.
"For such a large economy to grow at 10 per cent into perpetuity is not possible, so even though growth rates are around 7 or 7.5 per cent, we think those growth rates are still very robust by any measure." In the coming days, economist Li Keqiang will be installed as number two leader.
Wang Qi Shan, who has been China's negotiator with the United States on economic matters, could come in at number three.
This means economic specialists will hold senior positions in the new Politburo Standing Committee: a body once dominated by engineers.
They know they are inheriting problems with inefficiency, corruption and over-production in certain industries but the country they are taking over is without the pressures of mass unemployment and recession that are seen elsewhere.
They would have to be cautiously optimistic.