Australia markets closed
  • ALL ORDS

    6,762.40
    +71.00 (+1.06%)
     
  • ASX 200

    6,578.70
    +50.30 (+0.77%)
     
  • AUD/USD

    0.6944
    +0.0046 (+0.66%)
     
  • OIL

    107.06
    +2.79 (+2.68%)
     
  • GOLD

    1,828.10
    -1.70 (-0.09%)
     
  • BTC-AUD

    30,507.10
    -342.39 (-1.11%)
     
  • CMC Crypto 200

    462.12
    +8.22 (+1.81%)
     
  • AUD/EUR

    0.6575
    +0.0025 (+0.38%)
     
  • AUD/NZD

    1.0996
    +0.0016 (+0.14%)
     
  • NZX 50

    10,813.92
    +135.25 (+1.27%)
     
  • NASDAQ

    12,105.85
    +408.17 (+3.49%)
     
  • FTSE

    7,208.81
    +188.36 (+2.68%)
     
  • Dow Jones

    31,500.68
    +823.32 (+2.68%)
     
  • DAX

    13,118.13
    +205.54 (+1.59%)
     
  • Hang Seng

    21,719.06
    +445.19 (+2.09%)
     
  • NIKKEI 225

    26,491.97
    +320.72 (+1.23%)
     

Calculating The Intrinsic Value Of Namoi Cotton Limited (ASX:NAM)

  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.
·5-min read
In this article:
  • Oops!
    Something went wrong.
    Please try again later.

In this article we are going to estimate the intrinsic value of Namoi Cotton Limited (ASX:NAM) by estimating the company's future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. The Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model is the tool we will apply to do this. It may sound complicated, but actually it is quite simple!

Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. Anyone interested in learning a bit more about intrinsic value should have a read of the Simply Wall St analysis model.

Check out our latest analysis for Namoi Cotton

Crunching the numbers

We are going to use a two-stage DCF model, which, as the name states, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is generally a higher growth period which levels off heading towards the terminal value, captured in the second 'steady growth' period. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we need to discount the sum of these future cash flows to arrive at a present value estimate:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

2029

2030

2031

Levered FCF (A$, Millions)

-AU$2.30m

AU$13.2m

AU$9.30m

AU$7.10m

AU$5.91m

AU$5.25m

AU$4.87m

AU$4.65m

AU$4.53m

AU$4.47m

Growth Rate Estimate Source

Analyst x1

Analyst x1

Analyst x1

Analyst x1

Est @ -16.73%

Est @ -11.15%

Est @ -7.25%

Est @ -4.52%

Est @ -2.6%

Est @ -1.26%

Present Value (A$, Millions) Discounted @ 7.0%

-AU$2.1

AU$11.5

AU$7.6

AU$5.4

AU$4.2

AU$3.5

AU$3.0

AU$2.7

AU$2.5

AU$2.3

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = AU$40m

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (1.9%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 7.0%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = AU$4.5m× (1 + 1.9%) ÷ (7.0%– 1.9%) = AU$88m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= AU$88m÷ ( 1 + 7.0%)10= AU$45m

The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is AU$85m. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of AU$0.5, the company appears about fair value at a 6.4% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
dcf

The assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Namoi Cotton as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 7.0%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.183. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Moving On:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For Namoi Cotton, we've put together three fundamental elements you should consider:

  1. Risks: We feel that you should assess the 1 warning sign for Namoi Cotton we've flagged before making an investment in the company.

  2. Future Earnings: How does NAM's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.

  3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the ASX every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.

Our goal is to create a safe and engaging place for users to connect over interests and passions. In order to improve our community experience, we are temporarily suspending article commenting