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What the AUKUS deal really means

·3-min read
 (AFP via Getty Images)
(AFP via Getty Images)

The announcement of the new US-UK-Australian alliance, AUKUS, looks a bit like handbrake turn. By going into a new submarine, cyber and space deal with the UK and Australia, he could appear to be sidelining European allies, and deliberately provoking the simmering confrontation with China and Russia.

But this is no spur of the moment deal. It had real urgency because of the latest turn in the armed isolationism of China and the unpredictable behaviour of Russia and its surface and submarine fleets.

America and Britain are leaders in submarine naval science – their two active classes of attack boats, the Virginias and the Astutes are the most advanced stealth hunter boats currently deployed across the world’s oceans. More of them are needed – not least because of the new ways Russian and China are on the prowl.

China has been interfering with fishing fleets across the Pacific – it has got particularly bad with the Philippines and Indonesia this year. Like the building and claiming of atolls and artificial islands, it’s all in the name of national security, of course. It is just completing its massive new nuclear sub base.

Recently Xi Jinping has turned off international contact – the Chinese haven’t formally accepted to attend next month’s G-20 summit, according to the hosts, Italy.

The French are livid, and are shouting betrayal as the Australian deal dumps a previous £40 billion contract signed in 2016 to build 16 diesel electric subs in Australia. But they are not fit for purpose. The new nuclear boats are stealthier and have a much longer range – both the Virginia and Astute subs can run until the crew’s food is gone. This all suggests how EU maritime defence is behind in this vital strategic capability.

The deal also embraces cyber warfare, space and development of AI and quantum computing for defence and security. But the focus is on the submarines – which are needed to counter China’s threat of naval dominance from Africa to the West Coast of the States.

Britain is set to do well from the deal because of the advantages of the navy’s Astute class submarine – for all the troubles it has had in the past. It is faster, cheaper and leaner than the US Virginia sub – with 90 crew to 125. Virginia is the successor to the Los Angeles sub– the villain in the BBC’s exciting hokum on the high seas drama ‘Vigil’.

The Australian connection offers jobs, bases, and help with new technology. The three power pact is important because unlike the 5 Eyes and Nato alliances it has no nuclear dissidents like New Zealand in the former, and Iceland in the latter.

It will take 18 months to scope and decided the roles of the different partners in the alliance. But Australia is to get its news nuclear powered, though not nuclear armed, hunter-killer submarines.

Some are hoping it can be done in time – there are growing, and frighteningly realistic fears that China’s isolationist emperor Xi is about to do something strategically daft – like invade Taiwan.

Read More

What the papers say – September 17

Tech & Science Daily: US, UK & Australia Gang up on China in Security Pact

Comment: Urgent questions we’re asking the new Cabinet

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