In a surprise blog post, Amazon said it will put the brakes on providing its facial recognition technology to police for one year, but refuses to say if the move applies to federal law enforcement agencies.
The moratorium comes two days after IBM said in a letter it was leaving the facial recognition market altogether. Arvind Krishna, IBM's chief executive, cited a "pursuit of justice and racial equity" in light of the recent protests sparked by the killing of George Floyd by a white police officer in Minneapolis last month.
Amazon's statement — just 102 words in length — did not say why it was putting the moratorium in place, but noted that Congress "appears ready" to work on stronger regulations governing the use of facial recognition — again without providing any details. It's likely in response to the Justice in Policing Act, a bill that would, if passed, restrict how police can use facial recognition technology.
"We hope this one-year moratorium might give Congress enough time to implement appropriate rules, and we stand ready to help if requested," said Amazon in the unbylined blog post.
But the statement did not say if the moratorium would apply to the federal government, the source of most of the criticism against Amazon's facial recognition technology. Amazon also did not say in the statement what action it would take after the yearlong moratorium expires.
Amazon is known to have pitched its facial recognition technology, Rekognition, to federal agencies, like Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Last year, Amazon's cloud chief Andy Jassy said in an interview the company would provide Rekognition to "any" government department.
Amazon spokesperson Kristin Brown declined to comment further or say if the moratorium applies to federal law enforcement.
There are dozens of companies providing facial recognition technology to police, but Amazon is by far the biggest. Amazon has come under the most scrutiny after its Rekognition face-scanning technology showed bias against people of color.
In 2018, the ACLU found that Rekognition falsely matched 28 members of Congress as criminals in a mugshot database. Amazon criticized the results, claiming the ACLU had lowered the facial recognition system's confidence threshold. But a year later, the ACLU of Massachusetts found that Rekognition had falsely matched 27 New England professional athletes against a mugshot database. Both tests disproportionately mismatched Black people, the ACLU found.
Investors brought a proposal to Amazon's annual shareholder meeting almost exactly a year ago that would have forcibly banned Amazon from selling its facial recognition technology to the government or law enforcement. Amazon defeated the vote with a wide margin.
The ACLU acknowledged Amazon's move to pause sales of Rekognition, which it called a "threat to our civil rights and liberties," but called on the company and other firms to do more.