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Acacia Research Corporation (NASDAQ: ACTG) today reported results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021.
Clifford Press, Chief Executive Officer, stated, "Our defined process, in collaboration with Starboard Value LP, to evaluate new strategic opportunities is ongoing, and we continue to methodically evaluate potential acquisitions. Our focus remains the small-cap value sector with the goal of acquiring operating companies in the mature technology, healthcare, industrial and certain financial services segments. Our ongoing IP investments have resulted in a balanced portfolio, positioned to capitalize both on soft licensing and litigation. Our team is actively advancing a number of opportunities.
"Subsequent to the end of the quarter, we led the reconstitution of the Board of Directors of Arix Bioscience plc (ARIX.LN) of which Acacia is an approximately 20% shareholder," continued Mr. Press. "Since becoming a shareholder in Arix at the end of last year, we have sought to bring about a series of corporate governance improvements and ensure that the company is served by a board that is responsive to its shareholders. We believe it was incumbent upon us to lead on these issues at a critical time when the company was exposed to significant risk. Peregrine Moncreiffe has now joined the Board of Arix as non-executive Chairman. Maureen O’Connell, Chairman of the Board of Acacia, and Isaac Kohlberg, a director of Acacia, were appointed to the Arix board as well. In addition, Robert Lyne, Chief Operating Officer and General Counsel of Arix, has been appointed to the Arix board to act as Interim Chief Executive Officer while Arix recruits a permanent Chief Executive Officer. We are grateful to our fellow shareholders for their continued support during this period, and I am delighted that this matter has now been brought to a satisfactory conclusion."
First Quarter 2021 Financial Summary:
Cash and equity investments at fair value totaled $325.1 million at March 31, 2021, compared to $274.6 million at December 31, 2020.
Equity securities without readily determinable fair value totaled $116.9 million at March 31, 2021; compared to $143.3 million at December 31, 2020. The decline relates to the reclassification of Immunocore as an equity investment at fair value upon completion of its IPO during the quarter.
Investment securities representing equity method investments totaled $33.7 million (before $11.9 million in noncontrolling interests), compared to $30.7 million (before $11.0 million in noncontrolling interests) at December 31, 2020.
Debt, which represents the Senior Secured Notes issued to Starboard, was $116.2 million at March 31, 2021.
Book value totaled $128.1 million or $2.64 per share as of March 31, 2021, compared to $292.5 million or $5.94 at December 31, 2020. Acacia’s current book value reflects the impact of the increase in the Company’s share price on its warrant and embedded derivative liabilities. Assuming full exercise of all issued derivatives, Acacia’s pro forma book value would rise to $917.4 million or $5.62 per share, up from $882.5 million or $5.39 per share as of December 31, 2020.1
Gross revenues were $5.8 million.
General and administrative expenses were $6.2 million, compared with $4.9 million last year due to business development and personnel expenses, as we build out our capability to identify, evaluate and execute acquisitions.
Operating loss was $5.7 million.
GAAP net loss to common stockholders, inclusive of $198.9 million in non-cash expense related to the change in fair value of the Series A and B warrants and embedded derivatives, was $(136.7 million), or $(2.81) per diluted share, compared to a net loss of $(12.2) million, or $(0.24) per diluted share, last year.
Book Value and Changes to Derivative Valuations
As of March 31, 2021, book value was $128.1 million and there were 48.6 million diluted shares of common stock outstanding in the first quarter of 2021, for a book value per share of $2.64, down from $5.94 at December 31, 2020. The decline is due to the impact of the increase in non-cash liabilities associated with the warrants and preferred stock held by Starboard Value LP. This was driven by the increase in Acacia’s share price from $3.94 at December 31, 2020 to $6.65 at March 31, 2021. All of these derivative liabilities would be eliminated upon exercise or expiration of all warrants and preferred stock.
Book value at March 31, 2021 reflects the impact of the following:
$115 million of Notes issued to Starboard Value;
$35 million of Series A preferred stock issued to Starboard Value; and
$261.4 million of warrants and additional embedded derivative liabilities associated with all preferred stock and warrants held by Starboard Value, to be eliminated upon exercise or expiration
Assuming Starboard Value converted all preferred stock and exercised all warrants:
$115 million of Notes liability would be eliminated, and 31.5 million shares would be issued;
$35 million of preferred stock would be eliminated, and 9.6 million shares would be issued;
$261.4 million of warrants and embedded derivative liabilities would be eliminated; and
$378 million of cash would be added upon exercise of the remaining Series B warrants and Series A warrants, and 73.5 million shares would be issued
The impact of this would be an incremental $789.2 million in book value, and an incremental 114.6 million shares outstanding. Assuming such conversion and exercise, pro forma book value would be $917.4 million, and diluted shares outstanding would be 163.2 million, for book value per share of $5.62, up from $5.39 at December 31, 2020.
Investor Conference Call:
The Company will host a conference call today, May 17, 2021 at 11 a.m. ET/ 8 a.m. PT.
To access the live call, please dial (877) 407-0778 (U.S. and Canada) or (201) 689-8565 (international). The conference call will also be simultaneously webcasted on the investor relations section of the Company’s website at http://acaciaresearch.com under Events & Presentations. Following the conclusion of the live call, a replay of the webcast will be available on the Company's website for at least 30 days.
About Acacia Research Corporation
Acacia Research (NASDAQ: ACTG) seeks to acquire undervalued businesses and pursues opportunities for value creation. We leverage our (i) access to flexible capital that can be deployed unconditionally, (ii) expertise in corporate governance and operational restructuring, (iii) willingness to invest in out of favor industries and businesses that suffer from a complexity discount and untangle complex, multi-factor situations, and (iv) expertise and relationships in certain sectors, to complete strategic acquisitions of businesses, divisions, and/or assets with a focus on mature technology, healthcare, industrial and certain financial segments. We seek to identify opportunities where we believe we are advantaged buyers, where we can avoid structured sale processes and create the opportunity to purchase businesses, divisions and/or assets of companies at an attractive price due to our unique capabilities, relationships, or expertise, or where we believe the target would be worth more to us than to other buyers. Information about Acacia Research Corporation and its subsidiaries is available at www.acaciaresearch.com.
Safe Harbor Statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995
This news release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the "safe harbor" provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are based upon our current expectations and speak only as of the date hereof. Our actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements as a result of various factors and uncertainties, including the ability to successfully implement our strategic plan, the ability successfully identify and complete strategic acquisitions of businesses, divisions, and/or assets, the ability to successfully identify and complete strategic acquisitions of businesses, divisions, and/or assets, the ability to successfully develop licensing programs and attract new business, changes in demand for current and future intellectual property rights, legislative, regulatory and competitive developments addressing licensing and enforcement of patents and/or intellectual property in general, general economic conditions, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the success of our investments. Our Annual Report on Form 10-K, recent and forthcoming Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, recent Current Reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to the forgoing, and other SEC filings discuss some of the important risk factors that may affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. We undertake no obligation to revise or update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason.
The results achieved in the most recent quarter are not necessarily indicative of the results to be achieved by us in any subsequent quarters, as it is currently anticipated that Acacia Research Corporation’s financial results will vary, and may vary significantly, from quarter to quarter. This variance is expected to result from a number of factors, including risk factors affecting our results of operations and financial condition referenced above, and the particular structure of our licensing transactions, which may impact the amount of inventor royalties and contingent legal fees expenses we incur from period to period.
1 Under GAAP, book value reflects the impact of the liabilities associated with potential issuance of shares related to the Company’s warrants and convertible preferred stock. As the value of those liabilities varies with fluctuations in our share price, we believe a presentation of book value assuming full exercise of all warrants and preferred presents a useful measure of book value for investors. This non-GAAP measure does have its limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for an analysis of our results under GAAP.
ACACIA RESEARCH CORPORATION
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
Cash and cash equivalents
Equity securities at fair value
Equity securities without readily determinable fair value
Investment securities - equity method investments
Investment at fair value
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
Total current assets
Long-term restricted cash
Patents, net of accumulated amortization
Leased right-of-use assets
Other non-current assets
LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK, AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
Royalties and contingent legal fees payable
Accrued patent investment costs
Senior Secured Notes Payable - short-term
Total current liabilities
Series A warrant liabilities
Series A embedded derivative liabilities
Series B warrant liabilities
Long-term lease liabilities
Other long-term liabilities
Commitments and contingencies
Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share; stated value $100 per share; 350,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively; aggregate liquidation preference of $35,000 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
Common stock, par value $0.001 per share; 300,000,000 shares authorized; 49,279,453 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020
Treasury stock, at cost, 4,604,365 shares as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020
Additional paid-in capital
Total Acacia Research Corporation stockholders' equity
Total stockholders' equity
Total liabilities, redeemable convertible preferred stock, and stockholders' equity
ACACIA RESEARCH CORPORATION
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
Three Months Ended
Patent portfolio operations:
Contingent legal fees
Litigation and licensing expenses - patents
Amortization of patents
Other patent portfolio expenses (income)
Patent portfolio expenses
Net patent portfolio income
General and administrative expenses
Other income (expense):
Change in fair value of investment, net
Gain (loss) on sale of investment
Change in fair value of the Series A and B warrants and embedded derivatives
Change in fair value of equity securities
Gain on sale of equity securities
Equity method investment income
Loss on foreign currency exchange
Interest expense on Senior Secured Notes
Interest income (expense) and other
Total other expense
Loss before income taxes
Income tax benefit (expense)
Net Loss including noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries
Net Income attributable to noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries
Net Loss attributable to Acacia Research Corporation
Net Loss attributable to common stockholders - basic and diluted
Basic and diluted net loss per common share
Weighted average number of shares outstanding - basic and diluted
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